Our Daily Bleed...
American labor, oral historian, "common man" proponent.
CAPTAIN MISSIONFounded famed pirate utopia "Libertaria" in Madagascar.
Ghost of Chance ...returns us to territory familiar from Burroughs' 'Cities of the Red Night' trilogy. We are in 'Libertatia', a utopian colony of ex-pirates set up 'on the west coast of Madagascar'. Here 'Captain Mission' has established a community of free spirits: 'There would be no capital punishment, no slavery, no imprisonment for debt, & no interference with religion or sexuality.'
HALLOWEEN. Pagan festival of fall during which the dead can be communicated with & set to rest. Appropriated, but not totally demolished, by the churches.
All Hallows' Eve / Hallowe'en: "The original reason for disguise tonight, it being Mischief Night, was to prevent lonely spirits recognising you & snatching you away to their between-the-worlds home; & it was an additional bonus that the costumes allowed you to lead a mini-riot without being recognised ..."
THE WITCHES NEW YEAR.
Druid's SAMHAIN Autumn sun festival.
ANCIENT ROMAN FEAST TO POMONA.
Druids held human sacrifices & prayers...ALL HALLOW'S EVE, 10th century.
ALL SAINT'S EVE. Human sacrifice became cakes left out for the dead, thrown into the fire in the morning. In Brittany all wore black, etc.
OLD CELTIC NEW YEAR'S EVE. Struggle between old & new years.
FESTIVAL OF INNER WORLDS.
1517 -- Protestant Reformation begins as Martin Luther nails his 95 theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
1620 -- England: Diarist John Evelyn, a founder of the Royal Society, lives. In The Common Reader Virginia Woolf notes: "He writes [a diary] supremely well. Even as we drowse, somehow or other the bygone gentleman sets up, through three centuries, a perceptible tingle of communication, so that without laying stress on anything particular, we are yet taking notice all the time."
1632 -- Jan Vermeer lives, Holland. Painter (Procuress, The Astronomer).
1756 -- Giacomo Casanova, in prison on charges of being a magician, makes a spectacular escape & makes his way to Paris, where he introduces the lottery in 1757 & makes a name for himself among the aristocracy.
As versatile in his writing as he was in his career, Casanova writes occasional verse, criticism, a translation of the Iliad, & a satirical pamphlet on Venetian aristocracy, but he is best remembered for his vivid autobiography, first published after his death as Mémoires de J. Casanova de Seingalt, in 12 volumes.
1795 -- John Keats, renowned British lyric poet, lives (in a stable his father managed in Finsbury Pavement).
1857 -- Axel Munthe lives. Swedish physician, psychiatrist, & writer. Best-known work is his autobiography The Story of San Michele (1929), an account of being a doctor in Paris, Rome & the villa of San Michele on the island of Capri (Italy). Both realistic & mystic, it achieved immense popularity & has been translated into numerous languages. Often treated the poor without charge & an advocate of animal rights.
1858 -- France: George Mathias Paraf-Javal lives, Paris. Intransigent individualist.A founder of "Ligue Antimilitariste" &, with Émile, the anarchiste colony at Vaux (1902-07, with 400 members [See also Armand's article, "A Visit to L'Anarchie", at the Stan Iverson Archives]). A prodigious author, Paraf-Javal also ran the Groupe d'Etudes Scientifiques (GES) of Paris. Wrote for Libertaire, & authored numerous booklets such as Les faux droits de l'homme et les vrais (1907), as well as math & physics materials (published in Spanish for Francisco Ferrer's Escuela Moderna).
1864 -- US: A Real Crap Shoot? Nevada is admitted as a state to the US, although its population was too low to meet legal requirements; Lincoln pushed the illicit action through Congress to help ratify the 13th (anti-slavery) Amendment to the Constitution.
1870 -- France: French gardes nationales revolt during the siege of Paris. Louise Michel, anarchist, takes part in a massive demonstration supporting the Paris Commune in front of the Town hall.
1873 -- US: Oto chiefs, including Medicine Horse & Stand-By, come to Washington DC to ask for permission to hold one last buffalo hunt; they are denied.
1881 -- Brazil: Edgard Leuenroth lives (1881-1968), São Paulo. Important & influential figure in both the labor & anarquista movements. The most important research archives in Latin America are named in his honor (Arquivo Edgard Leuenroth).
1892 -- Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
1894 -- France: In Paris, the "Procès des trente" (Trial of the Thirty), which began August 6, comes to a close.
The "Proces des trente" is a farcical show trial. Charges of a conspiracy were leveled at this hodge-podge & indiscriminate grouping of militants, supporters, theorists, writers & publishers, artists, etc. The trial invoked "lois scélérates" ("villainous laws," nickname for very severe anti-anarchist laws enacted in December 1893 & more in July) which were vague enough to be used against any government opposition, from trade union activists to journalists. Despite the failure to prove the charges, severe sentences were meted out, some defendeants getting 20 years in prison.
[Details / context]
1900 -- Ethel Waters lives, Chester, Penn. Blues singer, first woman to perform W.C. Handy's "St. Louis Blues," & actress known for roles in the movie Cabin in the Sky & such stage plays as Member of the Wedding, for which she was nominated for a New York Drama Critics Award.
1905 -- Russia: Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St. Petersburg.
1905 -- US: The producer & players of Bernard Shaw's play, "Mrs. Warren's Profession," are arrested, NY.
1913 -- US: Historians Will & Ariel Durant, 27 & 15, are married at New York's City Hall.
In 1912 the youthful Will Durant headed the anarchist Modern School, which became one of the most important centers of the radical movement in New York. The adult classes thrived; students flocked to art classes conducted by Robert Henri & George Bellows, originators of the realist Ashcan School, who counted among their students several artists who would later become famous such as Man Ray, Max Weber & John Sloan. The IWW/anarchist (later a hardcore Communist) writer Mike Gold & best-selling novelist & short story writer Manuel Komroff were also associated with the school, as were poets Lola Ridge & Edwin Markham; Durant himself lectured on the history of philosophy.
Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman, Margaret Sanger, writers Jack London, Lincoln Steffens & Upton Sinclair & labor activistElizabeth Gurley Flynn delivered individual lectures at the center.
Civilization is a stream with banks. The stream is sometimes filled with blood from people killing, stealing, shouting & doing the things historians usually record, while on the banks, unnoticed, people build homes, make love, raise children, sing songs, write poetry & even whittle statues. The story of civilization is the story of what happened on the banks. Historians are pessimists because they ignore the banks for the river.— Will Durant (1885–1981)
Corto was working for the mysterious crime boss "the Monk" in the South Pacific.Today Corto's crew mutinied (he was certainly unlucky in his crews!) & he was cast adrift in mid-ocean, tied to a crate. (He is rescued by Rasputin tomorrow).
1913 -- Spain: Jesús Guillen Bertolin (aka Guillembert) lives, Montán (Castellón). Spanish painter, draughtsman & militant anarquista.
Companion of the poet Sara Berenguer. Member of CNT, & "Jeunesses Libertaires" (JJLL). Fought with the Durutti Column in Aragon during the Spanish Revolution. Interned in the French concentration camps, he later fought as a partisan against the Nazis. Contributed numerous writings to the anarchist press (Ruta, Solidaridad, etc.) Expelled from the CNT during the split at the congress of Montpellier in 1965. He & Sara were organizers of the 50th anniversary exposition marking the beginning of the Spanish Revolution of 1936.
1917 -- Eugene O'Neill one-act play "In the Zone" premiers, NY.
1918 -- Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Count Stephen Tisza, Hungarian Prime Minister, assassinated by soldiers.
1918 -- US: No Habla Espanol?: Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in one week.
1919 -- US: Judge Anderson enjoins miners from striking; war is blamed/justification.
1920 -- Dick Francis lives, Wales. Jockey/novelist (Whip Hand, High Stakes).
1921 -- James Joyce writes the last words of his novel Ulysses.
1921 -- Beginning date of the Poundian calendar, designed by poet Ezra Pound.
1922 -- Italy: Fascist Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes premier (-1943); Head office of the anarchico paper Umanita Nova is again ransacked by Mussolini's fascists.
Costituzione del governo con l'inclusione oltre che di fascisti anche di popolari, nazionalisti, democratico-sociali, salandriani, giolittiani, militari e cani sciolti. Una manifestazione fascista per celebrare la vittoria si conclude con assalti a giornali, violenze, morti e feriti. Un inizio violento prepara fin d'ora una fine violenta.
1922 -- Karl Capek play "The World We Live In" (The Insect Comedy) opens in NY.
1924 -- Italy: Enrico Baj (1924-2003) lives, Milan. Controversial Italian painter & sculptor, best known for his collages of ridiculous-looking generals (sic) made from medals, shards of glass, scraps of flowery material & shells.
"Baj's playful & ironic side masks a constant & coherent engagement against all the forms of destructiveness & oppression that man inflicts on man," French surrealist André Breton commented.
One of his great paintings is "The funeral of the anarchist Pinelli" (I funerali dell’anarchico Pinelli 1972), which was banned for disturbing the public order. In fact , at 9a.m. on the morning of 17 May 1972, the day the work was to be inaugurated, Luigi Calabresi, the Milan police chief thought by many at the time to be responsible for the murder of Pinelli, was assassinated in the street.
1925 -- Australia: Radio station 2KY begins broadcasting in Sydney, NSW; it later becomes the world's first labor-owned radio station.
1926 -- US: No Pain, No Gain? Magician Ehrich Weiss (Harry Houdini) dies after a punch to stomach, Detroit, Michigan.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint, 2005-2008
Broke out of every major prison in the world. Role model!"I'm buried alive; I hang by a thread
& people pay money to see if I'm dead.
Like mama once said, 'That's the show biz.'
It's sad; it's strange,
Times change & change & change . . .
"I'm only a sham. Well, that's my appeal.
The people need sham 'cause the world is too real.
I know how they feel."
— 'Harry Houdini', Ragtime
1926 -- Italy: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Benito Mussolini (a former anarchist-syndicalist) escapes an assassination attempt by the 15-year-old anarchico Anteo Zamboni. Lynched by the black-shirted fascistes. Son of anarchico Mammolo Zamboni, both parents are sent to prison with 30-year terms. Zamboni's effort follows on the heels of an earlier botched attempt on Il Duce's life by Gino Lucetti on September 11th.
1926 -- Canada: Emma Goldman gives her first lecture in Montreal before an audience of 700 at His Majesty's Theatre on "The Present Crisis in Russia."
1927 -- Lion Feuchtwanger play "Die Petroleuminseln" premiers, Hamburg.
1928 -- Andrew Sarris lives. American movie critic for the Village Voice.
1929 -- US: A little boy explodes some firecrackers on La Salle Street in Chicago & rumors quickly spread that gangsters who have lost heavily on the stock market are shooting up the street. Squad cars of police arrive to find a very bewildered little kid.
"Despite the fact that there is a cherished legend in American folklore that pedestrians on Wall Street had to scurry out of the way of falling financiers, no such wave of suicides took place. Those (& there were countless) whose life savings had been wiped out were far too stunned & depressed to think of anything so violent as suicide."
— Robert Goldston, The Great Depression
"This old town should have burned down in 1929
That's when we stood in line
Waiting for our soup
Swallowing our pride."
— Janis Ian & Jon Vezner
1931 -- US: Hoover Settles in Seattle? Led by unemployed lumberjack Jesse Jackson, he & 20 others start building shacks on vacant land owned by the Port of Seattle located a few blocks south of Pioneer Square.
They named their shantytown “Hooverville” in deference to the former Great Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Herbert Hoover, whose policies led to the Great Depression. Within two days over 50 shacks are erected & by 1934, 600-1000 are living in them. By 1941 Seattle's “Hooverville” covers 25 blocks.
The name “Hooverville” stuck with such encampments later spreading around the country.
1937 -- Tom Paxton lives, Chicago, Illinois. Folk singer/songwriter. His songs have been recorded by hundreds of artists as diverse as Pete Seeger, Willie Nelson, John Denver & Placido Domingo. Ramblin' Boy, The Last Thing On My Mind, Bottle of Wine, Goin' to the Zoo & The Marvelous Toy are just a few of his songs.
Oh lay me down in Forest Lawn in a silver casket
put golden flowers over my head in a silver basket
While the drum & bugle corps
play taps while cannons roar
while sixteen liveried employees
Sell souvenirs from the funeral store...
1941 -- High Seas: While escorting a convoy of war material across the North Atlantic to Britain, the US Clemson Class destroyer Reuben James is torpedoed by a German submarine. The blast pierces the ship's magazine, & the boat quickly sinks, becoming the first US warship to be sunk by hostile action during World War II. Forty-four men are saved, but the other 96 crew members perish in icy waters.
"Woody brought his completed work to a songwriting meeting in early November & everyone agreed he'd come up with a sensational idea for a song, but all those names were a bit... boring. You didn't have to go through all that to personalize it, Seeger argued. A rousing agitprop chorus could get the same message across. If you combined a chorus with ballad verses describing the event in detail, it might make a better song. Woody agreed to give it a try & reworked the verses, while Seeger & Lampell developed the chorus that would make the song one of the Almanacs' best-known.... "
— Joe Klein, Woody Guthrie: A Life (London, 1981, p. 209)There's Harold Hammer Beasley, a first rate man at sea
From Hinton, West Virginia, he had his first degree.
There's Jim Franklin Benson, a good machinist's mate
Come up from North Carolina, to sail the Reuben James.
Dennis Howard Daniel, Glen Jones & Howard Vore
Hartwell Byrd & Raymond Cook, Ed Musselwhite & more
Remember Leonard Keever, Gene Evans & Donald Kapp
Who gave their all to fight about this famous fighting ship.
1941 -- US: Mount Rushmore is completed.
1947 -- Bertolt Brecht, having fled Nazi Germany years ago, now flees the US during the American witchhunts.
1950 -- US: Earl Lloyd is the first African-American to play in National Basketball Association (NBA) game when he plays with the Washington Capitols.
1952 -- US successfully detonates "Mike," the world's first hydrogen bomb, on the Elugelab Atoll in the Eniwetok Proving Grounds in the Pacific Marshall Islands.The 10.4-megaton device is the first thermonuclear device built upon the Teller-Ulam principles of staged radiation implosion. The incredible explosive force of Mike is apparent from the sheer magnitude of its mushroom cloud — within 90 seconds the mushroom cloud climbed to 57,000 feet & entered the stratosphere. One minute later it reached 108,000 feet, eventually stabilizing at a ceiling of 120,000 feet. Half an hour after the test, the mushroom stretched sixty miles across, with the base of the head joining the stem at 45,000 feet.
1955 -- François-Henri Jolivet (1875-1955) dies. French working poet, libertaire & pacifist songster.
Jolivet joined the revolutionary singers, "La Muse Rouge" (at age 17), participated in the worker festival, "Vache Enragée" of Montmartre, the pacifist "La Patrie Humaine," etc.
In the 1920s he frequented the "Musée du Soir" of Henry Poulaille, who wrote the preface to his collection, Chansons Sociales et Satiriques (1956).
Encouraged by Edith Piaf, Jolivet continued appearing in the cabarets of Montmartre until his death.
PAPIERS A CUL
Un jour souffrant et tout pâle
D'une colique autoritaire,
Je me suis servi de mon livret militaire.
N'allez pas m'accuser ici
De façon trop peu délicate,
Ils usent à peu près ainsi
De leurs traités, les diplomates. (...)
1956 -- France & Britain begin air offensive at Suez Canal in support of Israeli attack of Sinai peninsula. Tensions develop between US & European allies over Suez Canal.
1958 -- Writer Boris Pasternak (Dr. Zhivago) is expelled from the Soviet Union.
1959 -- Russia: Trust Me? Former US Marine from Fort Worth, Texass announces in Moscow that he will never return to the United States. His name?: Lee Harvey Oswald.
1960 -- After careers as cowboy, typesetter, surveyor, reporter, & writing of problems faced by frontier men & women, American novelist/poet, H. L. Davis dies in San Antonio, Texass. Encouragement from H. L. Mencken led to his work appearing in "American Mercury."
1961 -- Augustus John dies. Welsh painter, draughtsman, & etcher, a Bohemian with numerous connections with the anarchist movement. He never voted in his life & his dislike of politicians began to grow even more in the 1950s. A member of the Committee of 100, he joined the mass sit-down in Trafalgar Square on Sunday 17 September, 1961, just a month before his death at the age of 83.
1963 -- US: Leaking propane gas explodes kills 64 at "Holiday on Ice" (Indiana).
1964 -- First Chinese A-bomb explodes.
1966 -- Ken Kesey's Acid Test Graduation.
1966 -- Adam Horowitz lives, rocker (Beastie Boys-You Gotta Fight).
1966 -- Bob McKendrick presents "Dance of Death" costume ball at California Hall. Performers are Grateful Dead, Mimi Fariña, & Quicksilver Messenger Service.
1967 -- US: Well Ring My Bells? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader California Acting Governor Ronnie Reagan denies press reports that a "homosexual ring" is operating out of his office in Sacramento.
1968 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Pres. Lyn "Hey! Hey! LBJ" Johnson, trying to get his Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Vice President (Hubie "Dump the Humph" Humphrey) elected to succeed him, orders an end to bombing of North Vietnam.
1968 -- Women's International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell (WITCH) forms.
1968 -- US: NY WITCH stages "Up Against the Wall Street" women's liberation demonstration.
1969 -- Yikes!?: "Something" is released in England. Still loose, still wreaking havoc.
1969 -- US: Wheeler's Ranch invaded by 25-man army of
Gestapopolicemen, narcotics agents, juvenile officers, FBI agents, etc., without search warrant; when one female resident is arrested Bill Wheeler objects & is attacked; he & four others are arrested for assault; all later found not guilty.
1970 -- US: 2,000 march from the Seattle Center to downtown to protest war in Southeast Asia.
1970 -- Joyce Post publishes sci-fi chronology "Let's Drink to That."
1978 -- Canada: Government & Inuit sign pact granting control of 37,000 square miles in western Arctic to Inuit. Not bad, considering the Inuit used to have all of it.
1978 -- Iran: 30,000 oil workers strike against repressive rule of the Shah, US pal for democracy, civil & human rights.
1979 -- México: No Habla Espanol? Western Airlines DC-10 crashes at México City airport trying to land on a closed runway, killing 71 on board & three on the ground.
1981 -- England: Six-month occupation of nuclear power site ends, Luxulyan, Cornwall.
1982 -- Pray Tell? Accusing his foes of "cruel scare tactics," Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Bad-Acting President Ronnie Reaganattacks the "big spenders" for causing inflation, adding, "They even drove prayer out of our nation's classrooms." A White House aide refuses to clarify whom Reagan is talking about, saying only, "They know who they are." (His fund-raisers?)
"The first President I shook hands with was Calvin Coolidge. In those days the President would shake hands with any high school class that arrived in Washington. There was so little for him to do.Reagan is very similar to Coolidge."— I. F. Stone
1983 -- Round One?: Ron Grant completes a 217 day, 8,316 mile run around Australia. That's 38.32 miles a day if you'd like to give it a go.
1983 -- US: Fox Loose In Henhouse? Conference on "The Long Term Worldwide Biological Consequences of Nuclear War," Washington, DC: Nuclear Winter? Scientists from the US, USSR & other nations participate.
1984 -- India: All in the Family? Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is shot to death by Sikh members of her own security guard while walking in the garden of her New Delhi home. Gandhi's son, Rajiv, was sworn in as Prime Minister.
(ps: Rumor has it; there's a new deli in New Delhi.)
1984 -- China: "Reports in the official press acknowledge that there have been work stoppages, sit-ins & heated confrontations between workers & factory managers."
— Jim Mann, "Why China's Factory Workers Are Unhappy," San Francisco Chronicle, 10/31/84, p. C6
1987 -- England: Elbow Macaroni? A pair in Coventry, ties the world record for the longest singles tennis match at 80 hrs 21 minutes.
1987 -- Joseph Campbell, 83, is now a myth. Mythologist.
1988 -- Odd Couple?: Singer Debbie Gibson holds a seance at her Halloween party to contact the spirits of Liberace & Sid Vicious.
1989 -- El Salvador: Bomb kills 10 trade leaders at union headquarters. Major FMLN offensive follows.
1993 -- Last (G)asp?: Actor River Phoenix dies after collapsing outside The Viper Room on Hollywood's Sunset Strip.
1993 -- 25 people killed during Ghana-Ivory Coast soccer match.
1997 -- US: Hallowe'en "Hell House" (presented by bible-thumpers) opens for teens in Vacaville, California. Displays include a gay man dead of AIDS, a teenage "grunge" suicide & a bloody mock abortion.
1999 -- US: EgyptAir Flight 990 crashes off the Massachusetts coast, killing all 217 aboard.
2001 -- Folk-Legacy celebrates it's 40th anniversary!
The corporation, not deliberately, established on a folkloristic date!
— Bleedster Sandy Paton (1929-2009)
(Inspires the famed song, "Aging Grace" — eds. note)
There are tremendous sources for folk music on the internet; here are just a few to explore; starting with former Bleedster Sandy Paton (died 2009) at Folk-Legacy Records:
See Len Wallace at:
2002 -- US: Hey! Saddam! Pentagon admits it conducted sarin nerve-gas experiments in Hawaii's rain forest in 1967.
2008 -- US: American oral historian, labor journalist Studs Terkel dies, Chicago, Illinois.
2011 -- Scotland: Who Left A Tree, Then A Coffin In The Library?
& yet more in November....when The Library Phantom Returns....
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
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BleedMeister David Brown
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or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to:
BleedMeister David Brown
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See also: Anarchist Encyclopedia
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology