Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Daily Bleed Radical Literary History for October 26th

The sky was set for such a role:
the great Cross glittered at the pole
Orion & his wrath were red
& the Milky Way white overhead

— R.A.K. Mason, "Twenty-Sixth October"


Ukrainian anarchist guerrilla general,
fought both Reds & Whites (tyranny left to right).

Old Siam: TOP-SPINNING CEREMONY. Brahmins spin three large tops, each made of nine metals, to divine the events of the coming year.

"On the 26th day of October we arrived at the metropolis, called in their language LORBRULGRUD, or Pride of the Universe. My master took a lodging in the principal street of the city, not far from the royal palace, & put out bills in the usual form, containing an exact description of my person & parts."

— Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels

Christian Fish symbol
1369 -- Charles V "the Wise," King of France, dedicates a monument to his personal chef, for a recipe for pickled fish.

1466 -- Desiderius Erasmus lives, Holland. Scholar/author, wroteIn Praise of Folly.

We stuffed the Boss into a mail bag & shipped him to Toledo!
1669 -- Spanish dramatist Agustín Moreto dies in Toledo. Reputation has fallen. Wrote more than 100 popular plays.

1749 -- US: Black slavery legalized in Georgia.

1764 -- Painter, satirist William Hogarth dies, Leicester Fields, London.

1795 -- England: Fired up by the French Revolution, a mass meeting of workers is held today in Islington. In its turn, the meeting prompts, three days later, an angry crowd to waylay King George III in St. James Park. He is stoned & jeered, & the bootmaker John Ridley is unfortunately foiled in his attempt to haul him from his coach & lynch him (though Ridley is never apprehended).
Source: [Calendar Riots]

Crazy dude cartoon
1806 -- "Lord" Timothy Dexter, classic American crackpot, dies.

His book, A Pickle for the Knowing Ones or Plain Truths in a Homespun Dress, "became one of the great curiosities of American literature." It was at first given away, but eventually was much in demand, & ran into eight editions. It tells the story of his own life & what a great guy he really was, with rambling attacks on politicians, clergymen & others. In response to complaints from people who could barely understand his prose, Dexter added an extra page which contained nothing but punctuation marks. "The Nowing ones complane of my book the fust edition had no stops I put in A nuf here & they may pepper & salt it as they please," was his explanation.

The day went by, & at evening I passed the yard of another neighbor, who keeps many servants & spends much money foolishly, while he adds nothing to the common stock, & there I saw the stone of the morning lying beside a whimsical structure intended to adorn this Lord Timothy Dexter's premises...

— "Getting a Living," Henry David Thoreau (1854)

1822 -- At 17, Hans Christian Andersen belatedly enrolls in grammar school to secure an education, towering over his 11-year-old classmates.

1876 -- Switzerland: From the 26th to 29 October the 8th congress of the A.I.T. is held, Bern.

1879 -- Colombia: Biófilo Panclasta lives (1879-1942) Chinácota. One of the more original individualistic Latin American anarchists.

Daily Bleed Saint 2006-2008
"Soldado, adventurer, artist & knight, beggar & boêmio; without horse, without money..."

Writer, poet, agitator, Panclasta was not distinguished as an organizer, but for the originalidade of his presenceas, an iconoclastic agitator for all Latin America & the irretrievable condition of inqualificável anarchist, said to have lived as "soldado, adventurer, artist & knight, beggar & boêmio; without horse, without money... "

Panclasta book cover

Viajar, siempre viajar, tal es mi suerte,
y al través de mi rústico camino
soy un eterno peregrino que
sólo busca la deseada muerte.

— Biófilo Panclasta

Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

1880 -- Mark Twain delivers a speech in Hartford, Connecticut: "I don't mind what the opposition say of me, so long as they don't tell the truth."

1880 -- Author Andrei Bely (Boris N. Bugary) lives.

1881 -- US: Gunfight at the OK corral. Thugs, badge-enabled, duel thugs who are badge-deprived.

Wyatt Earp, saloonkeeper, gambler, & alleged stage robber & murderer, his two equally disreputable brothers, & reputed pimp Doc Holliday, shot it out in Tombstone, Arizona with the Clantons & the McClaurys.

When it was all over, Bill Clanton, both McClaurys, & two of the three Earps were either dead or seriously wounded. No one recalls exactly what the fight was about.

1886 -- Vincent Starrett — known especially for his detective fiction (The Great Hotel Murder) & his bibliophilic Books Alive— lives, Toronto, Canada.

Circle A
1886 -- France: Justin Olive (1886-1962) lives, à Fabrezan (Aude). Militant anarchist & revolutionary syndicalist.
Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

Nestor Makhno
1889 -- Ukraine: Famed anarchist general Nestor Makhno, lives, Gulyai-Polye. Fights Red & White Russian armies during the Russian Revolution.

Nestor Makhno led a large insurrectionary army of peasants that helped defeat the reactionary White armies. It was eventually crushed by Trotsky's treachery & his Red Army. Makhno went into exile & died in Paris, July 25, 1934.

"Your flags black in the wind, black for our sorrow, red for our blood."
— excerpt from the song "Makhnovchtchina"

Makhnovist banner

"Aucun des commissaires n'osa se montrer devant les ouvriers à la tribune du Soviet. Seule l'anarchiste Marie Nikiphorova occupa cette tribune et appela, de sa voix puissante, les ouvriers à la lutte contre le gouvernement, pour la révolution et pour une société libre de toute autorité."

Nestor Makhno, in La révolution russe en Ukraine.

1900 -- Henry James writes his first letter to Edith Wharton, who becomes his friend & protégé.

1900 -- Karin Boye lives. Poet, novelist, short-story writer, translator of T.S. Eliot's poems. A leading poet of Swedish modernism, her works were written in symbolic language, confessional in tone, & contain an underlying conflict between social & religious pressure & the yearning for freedom.

1902 -- US: Woman's rights leader Elizabeth Cady Stanton dies, New York City. Major American proto-feminist, suffragist.

Daily Bleed Saint 2003-2008
Major American proto-feminist, suffragist leader.

“When women understand that governments & religions are human inventions; that bibles, prayer-books, catechisms, & encyclical letters are all emanations from the brains of man, they will no longer be oppressed by the injunctions that come to them with the divine authority of ‘Thus sayeth the Lord.’”

1902 -- Pilot & author Beryl Markham lives (1902-1986).
[Excerpts from West With the Night]

1905 -- (New style; Oct 13 old) Russia: Workers in St. Petersburg form first workers' council (Soviet) to coordinate militant job actions & strikes being undertaken by workers throughout the city. All-Russian Railway Workers initiates a General Strike.

Lutefisk!, book cover
1905 -- Union of Sweden & Norway ends. The Supreme Court had ruled that the treaty ("Ya, sure, ya betcha") is legally null & void.

 E.J.B. Allen, anarchist
1908 -- England: Sometime in October & November 1908 [I don't have an exact date — db.] British anarcho-syndicalist E.J.B. Allen speaks in London along with Errico Malatesta &Rudolf Rocker at the Haymarket commemoration held at the Charlotte Street Club (presumably this is the Socialist Club then located on this street).

Sources: cited in "Syndicalism in the Colne Valley," Catalyst No.1, Winter 1987
& at

1909 -- Prince Ito of Japan is assassinated by a Korean.

1911 -- Mahalia Jackson, "Queen of the Gospel Song," lives, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Jose Ester Borras, anarchist' source:
1913 -- José Ester Borrás (1913-1980) lives, Berga (province of Barcelona). Spanish anarchist, active in the resistance in France & in the Mauthausen concentration camp, & co-founder of the founder of the Federación Española de Deportados e Internados Políticos (Spanish Federation of Former Political prisoners & camp inmates [FEDIP]).

Ester fought in the famed Colonna Tierra y Libertad during the Spanish Revolution of 1936. He was arrested by the communists, fled to France, arrested & tortured by the Gestapo...

Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

1915 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: Emma Goldman delivers five lectures — including "Preparedness, the Road to Universal Slaughter" in Philadelphia, October 26-30. Scott Nearing of the University of Pennsylvania attends one of her lectures. During this period her friend Ben Reitman, a champion of women's reproductive rights, begins work on a book about venereal disease.

1921 -- F. Scott & Zelda Fitzgerald's daughter, Frances Scott, lives, St. Paul, Minnesota.

1922 -- Scott Greer (1922-1996), social scientist with the soul of a poet, lives, Sweetwater, Texass.

Published a literary magazine, "Crescendo: A Laboratory for Young America" which he types, edits & publishes from a garage behind his parent's home (1941-44). He publishes works by such major authors as Octavio Paz, John Gould Fletcher & Henry Miller. Worked as a postal carrier in Seattle & lived on a houseboat in Seattle. A conscientious objector during WWII. Friends with labor leader & poet Jack Lyons.

1922 -- Italy: Inizia la marcia su Roma incontrando scarsa resistenza da parte delle autorità militari e di polizia.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

Augusto Sandino
1926 -- Nicaragua: Augusto Sandino takes up arms for the constitutionalist cause.
While in exile in México during early 1920s, Sandino participated in strikes led by the IWW. Inspired by them, he returns to foment revolution in Nicaragua & adopts the IWW's black & red colors.

1936 --
"With Plenty Of Money & You" Hal Kemp & His Orchestra, 10/26/36

This song expressed the fantasy of many young men during the Depression. Unemployment meant the deferral of family life, & the marriage rate plummeted along with job opportunities. (Couples already married tended to stay so; divorce cost money.)

The song debuted in Gold Diggers of 1937 (Dick Powell sang it), & was one of the memorable collaborations of lyricist Al Dubin & composer Harry Warren for Busby Berkeley's musicals. Band leader Hal Kemp led a popular 'sweet band,' noted for its muted staccato brass & the pallid vocals of drummer Edgar C. "Skinnay" Ennis.

— Mark Humphrey, "The Great Depression: American Music in the '30s"

1939 -- John Arden lives, England. Novelist/playwright. Wrote Left Handed Liberty.

1945 -- Laurence Housman opens Housman's Bookshop, Shaftesbury Avenue, London, England. Long-standing publisher & distributor of pacifist & anti-nuke materials, still going strong today.
Agitate, educate, organize; graphic by Clifford Harper

Publishers of the annual Housman's Peace Diary & World Peace Directory, one of the many resources for the Daily Bleed. Apparently not on the internet. Snail address, Housman's Books, 5 Caledonian Road, London N1 9DX.

1945 -- Pat Conroy, American writer, lives. Wrote Great Santini; Prince of Tides.

Whether it is the racism found in The Water is Wide, the tyranny of authority in The Great Santini, the coexistence of honor & brutality in The Lords of Discipline, or the cruelty & betrayal exposed in The Prince of Tides, Pat Conroy does not flinch from writing about the evils & harsh realities of life.

1946 -- Hillary Rodham, wife of the "World's Most Famous Cocksuckee," lives.

If you came upon Bill Clinton struggling in a raging river, & you had a choice between rescuing him or taking a prize-winning photograph, what shutter speed would you use?

1947 -- South Africa: Benedict Wallet Vilakazi, best known for his poetry & his study of Zulu & the Bantu languages, dies in Johannesburg.

1955 -- US: The Village Voice is first published, backed in part by the socialist & novelist, Norman Mailer.

1956 -- Hungary: Russian tanks fire on unarmed demonstrators in Budapest. Armed resistance begins in industrial centers, General Strike begins, & state power disrupted as power is now in the factories & the streets.

The revolution had begun. An arms factory rushed truck loads of weapons to the city, where thousands of workers had gathered. Police & soldiers handed their arms over to the people. By early the following morning the main streets were in the hands of the workers & students, a Revolutionary Council was formed in Budapest & a General Strike, soon spread to all of Hungary.

Armed only with light weapons & molotov cocktails, thousands fought back. After three days 30 tanks were destroyed & Russian tank crews began siding with the rebels.

Workers' councils (2,100 across the country —ed.) were formed in factories, steel mills, power stations, coal mines & railway depots throughout Hungary. Peasants spontaneously formed their own councils, redistributed land, & supplied the towns with food. From the first day liberated radio stations broadcast the news across the country.

Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

Hungary 1956

1957 -- Cretan novelist/poet/thinker, lover-of-life Nicos Kazantzakis dies.

1960 -- El Salvador: Military coup deposes Beloved & Respected comrade Leader President Jose Marie Lemus.

1960 -- US: John F. Kennedy calls Coretta King & Bobby Kennedy call helps Martin Luther King, Jr.'s release from jail (see yesterday). Good liberal public relations for JFK.

1962 -- Mel Lyman, in North Carolina, prepares to leave for Florida:

"Today is Friday. We're making last minute preparations like painting over the more objectionable signs on the Studebaker..."

BleedMeister has had one of these sitting in the driveway for about 10 years now with a broken wheel:

Studebaker pickup

1963 -- Author Danilo Dolci begins 10-day fast for building of a dam to relieve poverty, Roccamena, Sicily.

1964 -- US: Rolling Stones on Ed Sullivan Show. Ed is such a rockin dude.

1966 -- SI dingbatGermany: Psychosociologist & cybernetician Abraham Moles' inaugural class at Strasbourg is interrupted in its first few minutes by 10 students who throw tomatoes & chase him from his lecturn.

Also, Le retour de la colonne Durruti (Return of the Durruti Column), a détourned comic by André Bertrand (AFGES), announcing the forthcoming publication of 'the most scandalous brochure of the century,' is plastered on the walls of Strasbourg.

On the Poverty of Student Life fulfills that promise; published by the Strasbourg students' association (AFGES) & the French National Students Union (UNEF), the scandal leads to AFGES offices & management being sequestered in November.
[Situationist Resources]

1967 -- Iran: Shah of Iran crowns himself after 26 years on Peacock Throne. Inspired to do so while cheating at checkers.

1970 -- "Doonesbury" debuts in 28 US papers.

1970 -- England: Administration building on Keele University campus fire-bombed. Barclays Bank at Stoke Newington fire-bombed. Newspaper report says: "Police are investigating several similar incidents at other branches." Part of numerous attacks this fall, most believed attributable to the anarchist Angry Brigade.

Alcatraz garden
1972 -- US: Guided tours of Alcatraz (by Park Service) begin, where Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Peacenik Henry Kissinger declares "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam. Peace Man!

1976 -- Walter Murphy's Big Apple Band earns a gold record for its debut album, "A Fifth of Beethoven," which features the title single, a disco treatment of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony that hit Number One.

Di Cavalcanti painting
1976 -- Brazilian artist Emiliano Di Cavalcanti (1897-1976) dies. Jailed twice (1932 & 1936) for his communistic beliefs. Sought to free Brazilian art of any noticeable European influences. Prominent member of Brazil's Generation of 1922, Group of Five, etc. Married to painter Noêmia Mourão. His work immortalized the mulatas, sambas, brothels & local characters typical of the shantytowns & slums.

1977 -- India: Manager of Swadeshi Cotton Mills in Kanpur province locked up for 53 hours while workers besiege factory to claim unpaid back wages.

Wages had not been paid in over 1 1/2 months. This was paid but the company proceeded to withhold wages yet another 1 1/2 months. On 6 December another demonstration breaks out, this time with the production manager & the controller locked up as hostages. A fracas between police & 3,000 workers ensued, with hostages being killed when cops open fire.

1979 -- South Korea: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Park Chung-hee assassinated.

1985 -- Australia: A Piece of the Rock? Government gives Ayers Rock back to the Aborigines.

1986 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting Prez Ronnie Reagan vetoes a bill that would impose trade sanctions on apartheid regime of South Africa.

1987 -- El Salvador: Herbert Anaya, human rights activist, assassinated.

1988 -- US-Soviet effort free two grey whales from frozen Arctic, Barrow, Alaska.

1991 -- Hard Rain Gonna Fall?: Lori Rae Matthews, crushed to death by an artist's 485 lb umbrella.
Crusoe umbrella
Claes Oldenburg

Umbrella by Oldenburg

1993 -- Puerto Rico: Catholic churches in San Juan, open their doors for the night & urges residents to tie black ribbons on trees to protest Madonna's first concert there.

1994 -- Israel & Jordan sign treaty to end 46 years of war. What to do next, having removed what governments do best?

Circle A
1996 -- Aurelio Chessa (1913-1996), anarchist, dies, Rapallo. Militant des GIA & infatigable animateur de l’Archivio Famiglia Berneri repris avec talent aujourd’hui par sa fille Fiamma.

1998 -- Dick Higgins (1938-1998) dies in Quebec City, Canada.

Higgins studied with John Cage & Henry Cowell. He attended Cage's composition class, where he met other future Fluxus artists & was with one of the groups to develop the concept of Happenings. Higgins also published the Something Else Newsletter & presented the first exhibit of concrete poetry in the US.

Unpublished Editions/Printed Editions was a hybrid small press & an artists' cooperative. It included Higgins, Knowles, Cage, Philip Corner, Geoffrey Hendricks, Jackson Mac Low, Pauline Oliveros, & Jerome Rothenberg.

Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

2001 -- US: Frisco Critical Mass bike ride.

Ying-yang symbol
2002 -- US: Garrett Ct. Press presents the New Orleans Bookfair. Approximately 40 different independent presses from the US, including AK Press & Soft Skull are there. Agitators, collectives, anarchists, zinesters, independent publishers & all others are encouraged "to come on down to the dirty south."

Play Station 2 video game: Bush WarMonger
2005 -- US: Two years after Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader George Bush declares victory in Iraq ("Iraq is one victory in the war on terror"), Department of Defense announces American deaths in Iraq officially reach 2,000...Bush / Owell campaign sticker

“I just want you to know that, when we talk about war, we're really talking about peace.” — George W. Bush

May 1, 2003: Bush addresses the nation from the dramatic setting of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln. Standing on the giant flight deck, with a banner reading "Mission Accomplished" overhead, Bush delivers his Orwellian announcement:

"Major combat operations in Iraq have ended."


War is sweet to those who have not experienced it.

— Erasmus

"George Walker Bush, during his tenure as President of the United States, has repeatedly violated the letter & spirit of laws & rules of criminal procedure used by civilian & military courts, & has violated or ignored regulatory codes & practices that carry out the law, has contravened the laws governing agencies of the executive & the purposes of these agencies, & in conducting the foreign affairs of the United States of America has proceeded in flagrant violation of the core body of international laws, to which the United States of America is bound by treaty."

— from Articles of Impeachment, authored by Cynthia McKinney (D-Ga.)

2008 -- Tony Hillerman, novelist, journalist, & educator, dies in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Award-winning mystery writer, featuring Jim Chee in his respectful Navajo series. Hillerman followed in the tracks of the Australian Arthur Upfield, who embodied Aboriginal culture into novels set among tribal aborigines in remote desert regions.

3000 --

Chomsky, anarchist

"My feeling about anarchism is that it is not a movement with an ideology. It is a tendency in the history of human thought & action which seeks to identify coercive, authoritarian, & hierarchic structures of all kinds & to challenge their legitimacy — & if they cannot justify their legitimacy, which is quite commonly the case, to work to undermine them & expand the scope of freedom."

— Noam Chomsky, anarcho-syndicalist, media-myth debunker, linguist, prolific writer
Pitzer Anarchist Archives

3500 --
Anarchist Timeline - Almanac

Home Sweet Home
4500 --

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