Thursday, September 08, 2011

September 8th Daily Bleed Radical Literary History

"Unscrew the locks from the doors!

Unscrew the doors themselves from their jambs!"

— Allen Ginsberg (via Walt Whitman)

Orozco painting


Méxican Muralist, did a nice painting of Zapata.

Alfred Jarry

Pataphysician, forerunner of Dada & surrealism.



Marquesas, Polynesia: FEAST OF PAPA-IEA, God of Kava Drinking.

1100 -- Clement III, first antipope, dies.

1474 -- Ludovico Ariosto lives. Italian poet, remembered primarily for his Orlando Furioso, the most celebrated narrative poem of the Italian high Renaissance.

1522 -- The Victoria is the first ship ever to encircle the globe. It reached port without its captain, Magellan, who died en route in the Philippines.

One of Ferdinand Magellan's five ships returns to Spain, thus completing the first successful circumnavigation of the world. Magellan, a Portuguese navigator employed by Spain, set out from Seville three years ago with 265 men. Only 15 survived the journey. Magellan himself was killed in the Philippines, stomped by angry natives for cheating at poker. He'd played the same straight three times. Thusly did the Magellan Straits get their name.

Book cover, Maltese Falcon
1565 -- Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John.

1760 -- Canada: The Capitulation of Montreal. British give Indians right to remain on lands they occupy, recognizing previous French agreements.

1763 -- Stepan Glotlov lands on Kodiak Island, Alaska, attempts to persuade natives to pay tribute to Imperial government. They refuse & attack the Russians.

1784 -- Shaker Mother Ann Lee dies.

1797 -- México: San Fernando Mission, California established near a village of Anchois Indians that has since been replaced by strip malls.

Book icon
1830 -- Frédéric Mistral lives, Maillane, France. French poet, leader of the 19th-century revival of Provençal language & literature. Shares the Nobel Prize in 1904 with José Echegaray for his contributions in literature & philology.

1837 -- Poet Joaquin Miller lives. Born Cincinnatus Hiner Miller, the name Joaquin was adapted from the legendary California bandit, Joaquin Murietta, whose legend in California is often equated with the legend of Robin Hood.

Another scene, another sound —
Sharp shots are fretting through the air,
Red knives are flashing everywhere,
And here & there the yellow flood
Is purpled with warm smoking blood....

1858 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Abe Lincoln makes a speech about when you can fool people.

1873 -- Ubu Roi
Pataphysician, proto-Surrealist poet & playwright Alfred Jarry (Ubu Roi) lives, Laval in Brittany, France.

Caserio, illustration by Costantini
1873 -- Italy: Santo Geronimo Caserio (Sante Jeronimo) lives (1873-1894). Italian anarchist who killed Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader French President Sadi Carnot in an act of revenge (for the execution of Auguste Vaillant). Caserio was executed on August 16, 1894.

See the Italian song, L'interrogatorio di Sante Caserio

Illustration by Flavio Costantini

1873 --
Switzerland: Geneva tea lloc 6è Congrés of fracció Marxist of l'AIT, from the 8th to the 13th. This follows upon the conclusion of the Congrés of fracció Bakuninista of l'AIT, held from 1st to the 7th.
[Source: Congressos Obrers]

The Belgian Federal Council, because of various arrests, proposed to invite theJurassian Federation to convene the general congress — hence the Geneva Congress held in September, 1873.

[Background details]

Charles d'Avray, anarchiste
1878 -- France: Charles Henri Jean, aka Charles d'Avray, lives (1878-1960). Poète et chansonnier anarchiste; à Sèvres décédé le 7 Novembre 1960 à Paris XXe, il est enterré au cimetière du Père-Lachaise.

En 1950 dans Histoire du Mouvement Anarchiste en France, Jean Maitron, grand historien du mouvement ouvrier français, écrivait:

Charles d'Avray se rallia à l'Anarchisme au moment de l'Affaire Dreyfus et décida de se servir de la chanson "afin de mieux faire connaître l'Idéal anarchiste"...

Further details/ context, click here; libertaire, anarchiste, anarchisme, anarchistes, anarchie[Details / context]

Sitting Bull
1883 -- US: Sitting Bull, main chief of the Sioux tribes, delivers a speech insulting & making fools of US authorities to great applause.

Sitting Bull (Tatanka Iyotake), whose position was being bypassed by US authorities because he firmly stood against the robbery of the native peoples, spoke at the celebration of the driving of the last spike in the Northern Pacific railroad joining with the transcontinental system. He delivered the speech in his Sioux language, departing from a speech originally prepared with an army translator.

Denouncing the US government, settlers & army, the listeners thought he was delivering a speech of welcome & praise. While giving the speech Sitting Bull paused for applause periodically, bowed, smiled & continued insulting & making asses of the audience & US authorities as the translator delivered the original address.

1886 -- Siegfried Sassoon, poet, lives, London.

1895 -- France: Congrès national du POF tenu à Romilly.

Jimmie Rodgers
1897 -- American songster Jimmie Rodgers lives.


"Tea for Texass,
Tea for Thelma,
Tea for Ice-Tea, gonna be the death of me..."

— Jimmie Rodgers (1897-1933)

1901 -- US: Kansas anarchists, proving they are not quite easy in their minds, hold a jubilation meeting in Chicopee coal mine.

Anarchists are reported celebrating the assassination of McKinley, at both Chicopee & Frontenac, small towns 100 miles east of Witchita.

Another celebration is also reportedly held at Guffey's Hollow near McKeesport, Pa.: "While all the world is waiting with bowed head & heaving breast for the latest news from the bedside of the beloved President...

"Guffey's Hollow is the home of one of the largest, if not the largest, regularly organized groups, of anarchists in the United States. More than 200 Italian coal miners are drinking in the doctrines of anarchy here..."

Further details/ context, click here; libertarian, anarchico, anarchismo, anarchici, anarchica, anarchy, anarquista[More Gruesome Details]

Murder of Ferrer, illustration by Flavio Costantini
1901 -- Francisco Ferrer, Spanish anarchist educator & bane of the ruling powers (who had him murdered in 1909), opens the libertarian Escuela Moderna in Barcelona, Spain.

Other Modern Schools are founded in the US, whose alumni include Man Ray & Alfred Levitt.

Modern Schools were also founded in Britain, France, Belgium, Holland, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, China, Japan &, on the greatest scale, in the USA.

Image: Flavio Costantini, "Murder of Ferrer"

Further details/ context, click here; libertaire, anarchiste, anarchie, anarquista, anarquismo, anarquistas, anarquía, anarchico, anarchie,, anarchizm, anarchia, anarchizmu, Anarchistyczne[Details / context]

1902 -- Italy: Repressione a Candela (Foggia) di una manifestazione contro il fiscalismo e gli abusi amministrativi : in totale cinque morti e dieci feriti dalle due parti.
[Source: Crimini e Misfatti]

IWW Clock
1909 -- US: Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) strikers at the Pressed Steel Car Plant in McKees Rock, Pennsylvania, force management to improve shop conditions, hike wages by 15%, & drop a "pool system."

This follows a hard won battle; police attacked pickets & a July battle prompted the Wobblies to take charge, & on August 23rd 11 people were killed when a deputy opened fire on strikers on a streetcar.

Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1909 -- EG, anarchist feministUS: Unable to secure a lecture hall in Worcester, Massachusetts, Emma Goldman is invited to speak on the private property of Reverend Eliot White.

1911 -- Euell Gibbons, stalker of the Vicious Wild Asparagus, lives, Clarksville, Texass.

1911 -- Spain: Opening of the founding congress of the Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo (C.N.T.) in Barcelona. Nearly 100 delegates take two days to draw up the framework for this anarcho-syndicalist organization.

See Robert Kern, Red Years, Black Years: A Political History of Spanish Anarchism, 1911-1937, p25.

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