Friday, September 16, 2011

Daily Bleed Radical Literary History for September 16th

Summer's last half moon waning high

Dims & curdles

— James Merrill, "16.IX.65"

Osugi Sakae


Prominent Japanese revolutionist,
anarchist, martyr.





Marquesas, Polynesia: DEITY OF SPACE

Brittany: FETE OF ST. CORNELY AT CARNAC. All horned animals are given a tour of the church, & priests pretend not to notice.

1400 -- Wales: Owain Glyndwer revolt.
Source: [Calendar Riots]

1498 -- Burned Out?: Tomas de Torquemada, inquisitor who burned 10,000 people, dies.

1630 -- New World: Massachusetts village of Shawmut changes name to Boston. Vermont remains stateless.

1672 -- Anne Bradstreet, first woman poet of the American colonies dies in Andover, Massachusetts, about 60.

1692 -- New World: Eighty-year-old Giles Corey, charged with witchcraft, is crushed to death in Salem, Massachusetts.

Corey, crushed to death, for refusing to testify during his trial. The Salem witchcraft hysteria lead to 19 hangings. The trials started when Tituba [tih-TOO-buh], a slave belonging to Reverend Samuel Parris, is accused of bewitching village girls. Tituba's colorful stories of her native Barbados entertained the young women & prompted them to perform strange antics & bark like dogs. Parris beat & abused Tituba until she admitted she was witch. Jailed in Boston for 13 months, someone else bought her.

1785 -- Author Thomas Barnes lives.

Cliff Notes
1803 -- Samuel Taylor Coleridge writes a friend of critic William Hazlitt: "His manners are 99 in a 100 singularly repulsive."

1803 -- Author Orestes Augustus Brownson lives.

1810 -- México: The priest Miguel Hidalgo initiates the War of Independence, calling for revolution from the church in Dolores. Hidalgo invokes Mexican Virgin of Guadalupe against the Spanish Virgin of the Remedies; the Virgin India defies the white Virgin.

Hidalgo by Orozco

¡Viva la América y muera el mal gobierno!

¡Viva Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe! ¡Mueran los gachupines!

Moonshot at Oregon Trail sign
1823 -- Historian Francis Parkman lives, Boston. Travels the old Oregon Trail westward from St. Louis in 1846 & writes of it in The California & Oregon Trail. See Kenneth Rexroth, More Classics Revisited.

1845 -- Thomas Osborne Davis dies in Dublin. Irish writer/politician who was the chief organizer & poet of the nationalistic Young Ireland movement.

1845 -- US: Male trade unionists of Allegheny City & Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania today become the first male auxiliary when they protect women strikers from police attacks.

1852 -- In La Coruñ, Pardo Bazán lives. First naturalist writer in Spain, her finest & most representative novels are Los pazos de Ulloa(1886, The Son of the Bondwoman) & its sequel, La madre naturaleza (1887, Mother Nature).

1853 -- Steinway sells his first American-made piano.

1885 -- Children's psychoanalyst Karen Horney lives, Hamburg, Germany.

Daily Bleed Saint, 2004
Pioneer children's psychoanalyst,
theorist of the infant mind.

"Is not the tremendous strength in men of the impulse to creative work in every field precisely due to their feeling of playing a relatively small part in the creation of living beings, which constantly impels them to an overcompensation in achievement?"

1887 -- Hans Arp lives, Straßburg (or Strasbourg), died 1966. Sculptor, painter & poet.

Ferdinand Gambon
1887 -- Ferdinand Gambon dies. French lawyer, magistrate, initially moderate republican, Gambon became a socialist, anarchiste & pacifist revolutionary. Elected member of the Paris Commune. Defense lawyer for the Lyons anarchists in the 1883 trials.

Wrote Le cri du peuple, & coined the famous pacifist slogan,

"War Against War!"

1888 -- First Finnish writer to win the Nobel for Literature (1939), Frans Eemil Sillanpää lives, Hämeenkyrö. His most substantial novel,Hurskas kurjuus (Meek Heritage), is the result of his shock by the Finnish civil war of 1918.

1892 -- Amsterdam swim club renamed "The Y."

1893 -- Hagar Olsson lives. Swedish-Finnish writer, journalist, & critic, wrote in both languages, friend of poet Edith Södergran. His plays are among the first experimental introductions to Expressionistic drama in Finland.

Land Rush
1893 -- US: Cherokee strip invasion, called the Oklahoma land rush, begins. Among participants is E.P. McCabe, who founds the all-African-American town of Liberty a few days later.

1893 -- Author Gwen Bristow lives.

1897 --
anarchiste black cat

Louise Michel est arrêtée à Bruxelles et expulsée de Belgique.

No matter where she goes, that rascal Louise just can't stay out of trouble.

No importa dónde ella va, ese rascal Louise del anarquista apenas no puede permanecer fuera de apuro!
Egal wo sie geht, kann dieser anarchist Gauner Louise nicht aus Mühe heraus gerade bleiben! Non importa dove va, quel rascal Louise dell'anarchico non può rimanere appena da difficoltà! Não importa onde vai, esse rascal Louise do anarquista apenas não pode permanecer fora do problema!
[Source: Michel Chronologie]

1901 -- US: Capitol Offense? Chicago newspaper reports there are anarchists in Washington D.C.

"Police of the city have been considering ever since the assault on President McKinley the chances of anarchists being here, & have so laid their lines that if any are here they will not be able to escape..."

Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1904 -- Arvo (Albin) Turtiainen lives. Finnish working class poet, prominent member of the literary group Kiila with Elvi Sinervo & Viljo Kajava. Influenced by American writers Walt Whitman, Carl Sandburg & Edgar Lee Masters. Imprisoned during WWII for his leftist opinions. Translated Mayakovsky, Greene, Masters, Whitman.

"Jos nyt mä pääsen lediksi
niin rupeen minä rediksi,
styylaan rumpaliks frelssikseen."

1904 -- US: Giuseppe Ciancabilla dies.

Ciancabilla was one of the important figures of the anarchist movement who immigrated to the US in the late 1800s, along with F. Saverio Merlino, Pietro Gori, Errico Malatesta, Carlo Tresca, & Luigi Galleani.

According to historian Paul Avrich, Ciancabilla was one of the most impressive (now one of the least well-known) of the anarchist speakers & writers.

Further details/ context, click here; libertarian, anarchico, anarchismo, anarchici, anarchica, anarchy, anarquista[Details / context]

Caddy burning
1908 -- US: General Motors founded. Responsible for the beginning of the huge auto manufacturing company (maker of Cadillac, Oldsmobile, Buick, Pontiac, Chevrolet) was William Crapo "Billy" Durant.

"What's good for GM is good for America."

the immortal words of Engine Charlie Wilson, the head of GM

1910 -- México: Revolution ends US-supported dictatorship of Portolio Diaz. México celebra el primer centenario de su Independencia bajo el gobierno del dictador Porfirio Díaz.

1915 -- Haiti: US takes control of customs & finances of Haiti for 10 years. To "protect" US PLUNDER interests.

Red Emma Goldman, anarchist
1915 -- US: Emma Goldman scheduled to speak at a meeting to rally support for David Caplan & Matthew Schmidt prior to the opening of their trials.
Further details/ context, click here; libertarian, anarchy, anarquista[Details / context]

1918 -- Russia: Fourth & last issue of "Volny Golos Truda" (The Free Voice of Labor) appears before being suppressed. It's predessor,"Golos Truda", also edited by G.P. Maximov, met the same fate in May.

Wall Street bombing
1920 -- US: Bomb explosion outside the J.P. Morgan Company on NY's Wall Street kills 30, injures over 100, & does $2 million worth of damage in the ensuing fire which destroyed Morgan's offices. Authorities blame "anarchists," in the plural, many who subsequently flee to Russia.

In revenge for the prosecution of Sacco & Vanzetti, Mario Buda, Galleanist anarchist (practitioners of "propaganda by the deed"), detonates a horse-&-buggy bomb at the corner of Wall & Broad streets in Manhattan.

Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1921 -- Jon Hendricks, influential singer in the jazz group Lambert, Hendricks & Ross, lives, Newark, Ohio.

1921 -- EG, anarchist feministEmma Goldman visits briefly with the "millionaire American hobo" James Eads How, who, she believes, does not have the ability to make a worthwhile assessment of the situation in Russia. She was also disappointed by most published accounts of events in Russia, including reports by Louise Bryant.

Osugi Sakae book cover
1923 -- Japan: Anarchist Osugi Sakae, his companion Ito Noe, & a six-year-old nephew, are murdered by military police.

Anarchism in Japan was dealt a blow as hard as the execution of Kôtoku & his comrades 12 years earlier. Ôsugi was the most talented thinker & writer in the anarchists' ranks.

Their battered bodies are discovered four days later where they had been dumped in a well.
This provoked outrage throughout Japan & became known as "The Amakasu Incident".

Further details/ context, click here; libertarian, anarchy, anarquista[Details / context]

Ito Noe is the heroine of Harumi Setouchi's novel Beauty In Disarray (Classics of Japanese Literature), attracted by her pueile poem "Eastern Strand."

BB King painting
1925 -- Blues great B.B. King lives, Indianola, Mississippi. Playing his guitar, nicknamed Lucille, King will have over 50 hit blues albums & win a 1970 Grammy for "The Thrill Is Gone."
bb logo


1926 -- John Knowles, author of A Separate Peace, lives, Fairmont, West Virginia.

1930 -- US: Norman Zellers completes 56 days of sitting in a tree.

"Remaining silent about the destruction of nature is an endorsement of that destruction."

Edward Abbey

1930 -- US: Autumn. Northwest apple growers have an idea to help the growing economic depression. Since they have a large crop of apples & no one to buy them, they organize their distribution among the jobless for resale on street corners.

The result is the creation of a very common sight on city streets — shivering, ragged apple sellers standing over pitiful wooden crates beseeching passersby to buy an apple for any amount of money. These people are classified by the Census Bureau as "employed."

"Many persons left their jobs for the more profitable one of selling apples."

—Beloved & Respected Comrade President Herbert Hoover

Photo, Hanging from skyscaper
1931 -- US: Blimp is moored to Empire State Building, New York City.

"Wherever human life is concerned, the unnatural stricture of excessive verticality cannot stand against more natural horizontality."

— Frank Lloyd Wright

Hollywood Blacklist
1933 -- Emperor Jones, starring Paul Robeson as Brutus Jones, is released by United Artists. It is Robeson's first starring movie role & the first major Hollywood production starring an African-American with whites in supporting roles.

Arguably the greatest Renaissance person in American history, he remains virtually unknown by millions of educated Americans."

Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1933 --

"Are You Makin' Any Money?" Chick Bullock & His Levee Loungers, 9/16/33

This pervasive question of the era was first sung in the film, Moonlight & Pretzels. The clever Herman Hupfeld wrote the tune two years after 1931's "As Time Goes By." Vocalist Chick Bullock was featured on over 500 titles in the 1930s, often accompanied by New York's finest jazzmen. Worthy of note in this performance are trumpeter Manny Weinstock & Jimmy Dorsey on clarinet.

— Mark Humphrey, "The Great Depression: American Music in the '30s"

See also

1936 -- Spain: Based in Barcelona, the anarquista stronghold in Catalonia, from September 16-December 10, Emma Goldmanhelps write the English-language edition of the EG, anarchist feministCNT-FAI's information bulletin, visits collectivized farms & factories, & travels to the Aragon front, Valencia, & Madrid. She works closely with Martin Gudell of the CNT-FAI's Foreign Propaganda Department & broadcasts two English-language radio addresses. Emma hopes to conduct publicity from Barcelona, not wanting to leave Spain.

1937 -- EG, anarchist feministSpain: Emma Goldman visits until November 5, primarily in Barcelona.

CNT-FAI, Unite for Victory

Emma finds the agricultural & industrial collectives in Catalonia in better condition than a year before, though overall conditions in Barcelona are very discouraging compared to Madrid & Valencia, especially for refugee women & children.

Emma is alarmed by the number of political prisoners being held by the Republican government, especially anarchists & POUM members. She receives promises of support for a more intensive campaign on behalf of the CNT-FAI in England, including funds for an office & for the publication of Spain & the World.

1940 -- US: Leo Durocher suspended from Ebbetts Field for "inciting a riot" during a baseball game.

1941 -- US: CBS Radio debuts "The Arkansas Traveler." The program was later renamed "The Bob Burns Show." Burns played a very strange musical instrument called the "bazooka." The US Army chose the name to identify its rocket launcher — because it looked so much like Burns' bazooka...

1945 -- Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low).

1945 -- US: 43,000 oil workers strike in 20 states.

This is part of an expected strike wave following the end of WWII. In the first full month after V-J Day the number of man-days lost to strikes doubles & doubles again in October.

200,000 coal miners strike on the 21st, 44,000 NW lumber workers strike, 70,000 Midwest truck drivers, 40,000 machinists in San Francisco & Oakland. East coast longshoremen struck for 19 days, flat glass workers for 102 days, & New England textile workers for 133 days.

& these were but a prelude to the great strikes of 1945-1946.

A study released in May 1946 finds that "in most cases, wages during the first phase of reconversion were inadequate for the maintenance of living standards permitted by earnings in the year preceding the Pearl Harbor attack."

Source: Jeremy Brecher, Strike!, p227.

1950 -- Critic Henry Louis Gates Jr. lives. Outspoken critic of the Eurocentric literary canon.,_Jr.

1953 -- US: Anti-communist economist & writer Lewis Corey (aka Louis C. Fraina) dies, 61, during deportation proceedings against him because he was a Communist during the early 1920s.

Keep America Clean with Commie Cleanser

Fraina saw his subjects clearly, anticipating in many respects the objections that Lewis Mumford, Waldo Frank,Randolph Bourne & a bevy of other thinkers would soon levy against the defects of a business-oriented liberalism... His writings on subjects ranging from free verse & graphic Futurism to the social possibilities of dance often hint at a fuller development of this idea, with the intersection of popular culture & modernism as the key juncture.

— Paul Buhle

1960 -- US: Amos Alonzo Stagg retires as a football coach at 98.

1963 -- US: Beginning of five-day strike at Folsom state prison, California.

1963 -- Malaysia: A crowd of 100,000 burn down the British Embassy as the country is declared independent.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'

1964 -- East Germany: Conscientious objectors allowed to work on road construction.

1965 -- Grateful Dead at the Avalon Ballroom.


  • 1966 -- US: Anti-Fascist Rally & March in Frisco, California.

    Haight residents hold an "Anti-Fascist Rally & March" from the 1500 block of Haight Street to the Park police station & then back to the intersection of Haight & Ashbury.

    The purpose is to protest a drug bust that had occurred at 1090 Haight Street. Dennis Noonan, of that address, was quoted as denouncing "blue fascism."

    This event is inspires the Love-Pageant Rally three weeks later, on October 6, 1966.

    J.S. Mill: Conservatives are stupid, animated
    1968 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Dick-M-Nixon continues presidential slapstick, appearing on TV's "Laugh-in," in a prefrontal lobotomy skit. Others to come in the White House.

    1970 -- Jimi Hendrix makes his final public appearance, jamming with Eric Burdon & War at Ronnie Scott's club in London.

    1971 -- Japan: 5,000 farmers & students battle 5,000 police in demonstration to prevent government taking of land for Tokyo International Airport at Narita.

    1971 -- England: Bomb discovered inside the officer's mess at Dartmoor prison — news suppressed for two weeks.
    Source: 'Calendar Riots'

    We Remember Wounded Knee poster
    1974 -- US: A federal judge dismisses all charges against American Indian Movement (AIM) leaders Dennis Banks & Russell Means stemming from the 1973 occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota.

    Gone To Croatan, by James Koehnline & Ron Sakolsky, book cover
    1974 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Ford announces conditional amnesty for Vietnam War draft evaders & deserters.

    "I will not share your pity, your laws or your disgrace"

    — "Deserters," The Oyster Band, cited in Gone to Croatan, edited by Ron Sakolsky & James Koehnline

    Vietnam Drop Out button

    1977 -- Maria Callas, American-born prima donna, dies in Paris at 53.

    1979 -- A Bad Rap?: Rap, the NY City ghetto music in which performers chant rhymed & rhythmical verses over prerecorded instrumental dance tracks, makes it onto vinyl with the release of the Sugar Hill Gang's "Rapper's Delight." Sylvia Robinson (formerly of Mickey & Sylvia) formed the company to produce rap records despite industry warnings that rap had no commercial appeal. "Rappers Delight" was recorded over the instrumental break from Chic's "Good Times." The single becomes a disco smash, selling two million copies in the US.

    1979 -- Germany: Eight East Germans escape over the Iron Curtain in a home-made hot air balloon.
    Source: [Calendar Riots]

    1982 -- Lebanon: Israeli massacre, slaughter of 1000+ Palestinian civilian refugees at Chatila & Sabra camps begins.

    TanksI asked Tom if countries always apologized when they had done wrong, & he says,

    "Yes; the little ones does."

    (Tom Sawyer Abroad, Mark Twain)

    1990 -- US: Oldy Weds? 101 year old Sam Ackerman weds 95 year old Eva in New Rochelle, NY. Sam says his 83 year old son would be pinch-hitting tonight.

    1991 -- Philippines: Senate defeats treaty allowing continued operation of US military bases in the Philippines.

    2002 -- US: University of California censors strike again, shut down student web pages at Burn! site they have been trying to ban for years. In the police-state atmosphere following 911 — students not yet back on campus — come armed the academic terrorists with their web-shredders, because one site had an informational link to a Latin American group on the official US Designated Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) list. Sites removed include one dedicated to radical artist Josep Renau & Anarchy Now!
    Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

    3000 --

    "A life without a little madness in it is hardly worth living."

    Ronald Sukenick

    Collage by Josep Renau
    4000 --
    illustration by Josep Renau

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