Wednesday, August 10, 2011

Daily Bleed Radical Literary History for August 10th

Patchen: sure is a peculiar way to run a ball game...
I dig for my death
in this thousand-watt dungheap.
There isn't even enough clean air.
To die in.
O blood-bearded destroyer!

Kenneth Patchen, excerpt, Irkalla's White Caves

Jorge Amado

Brazilian people's novelist. One-time communist.

The charred bones of Lorenzo, in a reliquary shaped like his head, are carried throughout the streets amid giants, moors & hobby horses. Festive dances & bullfights held.

Wiltshire, England: TAN HILL FAIR is held on the highest peak of Wiltshire Downs, miles from any town, a survival from ancient times. Salt beef & beans eaten.


1498 -- Henry VII of England rewards John Cabot for the discovery of Canada with 10 Pounds.
"Americans are so benevolently ignorant about Canada, while Canadians are malevolently well informed about the United States."

— J. Bartlet Brebner

Canada, the land of good manners, friendly people, & clean streets. Or so they want us to believe. They let us feel secure in our homes so that we turn our backs on them & hopefully don't discover their real motives. But the Enemy to the north has not yet covered the eyes of all US citizens. We watch them, because they are the EVIL EMPIRE.

1519 -- Spain: Magellan's five ships leave Sevilla to circumnavigate the Earth. (He doesn't actually put to sea until Sept. 20.) Only one returns.

1568 -- Source=Robert Braunwart México: Fray Toribio de Benavente, defender of Indians, is interred, México City.

1575 -- Source=Robert Braunwart England: Penny Wise, Pound Foolish? Calligrapher Peter Bales completes writing the Lord's Prayer, the Creed, the Decalogue, 2 short prayers, his own name, a motto, the date & the year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, all on an English penny; everything is legible.

1600 -- Ferenc Nasady quells the mutiny at Papa.

1680 -- New World: Pueblo Revolt. Pope (San Juan tribe) attacks New Mexican capital of Santa Fe, killing 400; 11 days later, the Spanish abandon Santa Fe & begin a long retreat to El Paso, Texass.

After more than a decade of preparation, pueblo Amerindians all over the Spanish colony of Neuvo México rise in revolt, drive out the Spaniards, kill 21 missionary priests, & burn Santa Fe. They are assisted by mestizo workers from the barrio of Analco & succeed in liberating the territory from foreign rule for twelve years.

1784 -- Spectacle becomes festival as disappointed onlookers riot after the aristocrat De Moret's balloon flight ends in fire.
Source: [Calendar Riots]

1792 -- France: People of Paris march to Tuilleries.

1815 -- US: Senecan prophet Handsome Lake (Ganioda'yo) dies, Odondaga, NY. Famous last words: "I'm completely drained."

1824 -- Charlotte Brontë, 8 years old, is packed off to Cowan Bridge School by her widowed father.

1833 -- US: Chicago, Illinois was incorporated, not as a city, but as a village. The Windy City had a population of less than 200 at the time.

1856 -- US: 400 drown at a ball on Last Island, Louisiana as winds drive huge waves over the island.

anarchiste Sabotage cat
1860 -- France: Jules Leroux lives (1860-1926). Militant anarchiste cooperativist. Founded a working coop of shoe makers in Amiens which began manufacturing in 1902 &, in 1906, beccame the "Société coopérative de production à bases socialistes." Forced to close in 1914, they resumed activity with the end of the war, animated by Jules Leroux.

1862 -- US: "Battle of Nueces." A massacre actually, in Texass.

1874 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Herbert Hoover lives, the first US President born west of the Mississippi River & first to have a telephone at his desk.

What kind of calls did he get? Stock market crashings, massive unemployment, depression, Hoovertowns.

What kinda calls do you get? "Here's your sack of money!"? & "when would you like your rugs shampooed?"

1877 -- US: Army troops under Colonel Gibbon attack a sleeping Nez Perce encampment at Big Hole, Idaho, killing over 50 women & children.

1878 -- Alfred Döblin lives. German Expressionist novelist & essayist whose best-known work isBerlin Alexanderplatz.
Berlin Novels book cover

Berlin Alexanderplatz employs multiple viewpoints to create a complex, teeming narrative that mirrors the disjointed style of life in modern urban areas. Its interior monologue show the influence of James Joyce. Adapted to television play by Rainer Werner Fassbinder in 1980.

After the Nazi takeover Döblin was obliged to leave Germany because of his socialist views & Jewish ancestry. Lived in exile in France & the US like Brecht & Thomas & Heinrich Mann. Returned to Europe & settled in Paris in the early 1950s. His last novel, Hamlet (1956) was an expression of his hope for a new Europe.

Also wrote: Citizens & Soldiers (1939); A People Betrayed (1948), Karl & Rosa(1950).

Note: In Berlin after WW I Romanisches Café was a main meeting place for such writers as Bertolt Brecht, Georg Grosz, Franz Werfel, Ernst Toller, Alfred Döblin, Joseph Roth & Erich Maria Remarque.

1879 -- France: Paul-Eugene Trouiller (or Troullier) lives. Anarchist militant & antimilitarist.

Black cat on a crescent moon
Gardener, day laborer, jailbird, travelling singer...police deemed him very dangerous....
[Further Details]

Witter Bynner
1881 -- Witter Bynner lives, Brooklyn, New York. Poet (Crenstone Poems; The Beloved Stranger), playwright, translator.

1887 -- US: Engineer of a Toledo, Peoria & Western train notices, at the last possible moment, that the bridge at Chatsworth, Illinois is on fire, so he snaps the coupling on his locomotive & raced across to safety. Eighty-one die when the burning bridge collapses under the rest of the train.

1893 -- US: Chinese are deported from San Francisco under the first Chinese Exclusion Act (passed May 6, 1882, to exclude Chinese workers from the US).

Further details / context, click here[More on the Exclusion Act]

The land of fabulous wealth, revenue & mountains of gold, & San Francisco with its wonderful wages will be exploited before the ignorant coolies until they will come in ship loads like an endless swarm of rats...

>As long as California is white man’s country, it will remain one of the grandest & best states in the union, but the moment the Golden State is subjected to an unlimited Asiatic coolie invasion there will be no more California.

The Japanese & Korean Exclusion League was a San Francisco organization comprised of powerful labor leaders, including Patrick H. McCarthy, general president of the Building Trades Council of San Francisco – as well as future mayor, & Andrew Furuseth, legendary waterfront labor leader.

The league was organized in mid-1905, & headed from its inception by Olaf A. Tveitmoe, general secretary of the Building Trades Council, who also served as editor of “Organized Labor.” One goal of the organization was to extend the Chinese Exclusion Act to Japanese & Korean immigrants.

Organized Labor Official Organ of the State & Local Building Trades Councils of California San Francisco April 21, 28, & May 5, 1906 [Combined edition].

1893 -- (During the month of Août) 3e congrès de la 2e Internationale tenu à Zurich (Suisse). Les anarchistes sont exclus du congrès.

Fernando Tarrida del Marmol; source l'éphéméride anarchiste
1897 -- France: Fernando Tarrida del Marmol expelled. An anarchist theoretician & militant, he had been jailed in 1896 & just barely able to gain release before escaping the terrorism of the Catholic clerics & the state authorities exacted against workers & militants.

In France Tarrida denounced the atrocities in Barcelona & published the book Un mois dans les prisons d'Espagne, & also articles supporting the insurgents of Philippines & Cuba in their fight against Spanish colonialism, & thus Spain pressed for his expulsion. Tarrida went to Belgium & then to England where he lodged with Kropotkin & Louise Michel.

See the Fernando Tarrida del Marmol Archive,

1901 -- US: Baseballs Chicago White Sox Frank Isbell strands record 11 teammate base runners, leaving pitcher Brandon Letsinger twisting slowly in the wind.

1904 -- Dorothy B. Hughes lives. American mystery writer/critic. Lived in New Mexico, which served as background to her novels. Among her best are Ride the Pink Horse (1946) & In a Lonely Place (1947), which were adapted to screen. Named a Grand Master by the Mystery Writers of America in 1978.

"In a Lonely Place," adapted to screen, directed by Nicholas Ray, starring Humphrey Bogart, is a story of a screenwriter suspected of murder.

1905 -- NY: New York "Tribune" reports that a strike at Federman's bakery on the Lower East Side led to violence when Federman used scab labor to keep producing, &,

"Policemen smashed heads left & right with their nightsticks after two of their number had been roughly dealt with by the mob..."

The city has become a battlefield in the sweatshops & elsewhere. Poet Edwin Markham wrote in "Cosmopolitan" magazine in 1907,

"In unaired rooms, mothers & fathers sew by day & by night. Those in the home sweatshop must work cheaper than those in the factory sweatshops... & the children are called in from play to drive & drudge beside their elders....

Is it not a cruel civilization that allows little hearts & little shoulders to strain under these grown-up responsibilities, while in the same city, a pet cur is jeweled & pampered & aired on a fine lady's velvet lap on the beautiful boulevards?"

See Howard Zinn, The Twentieth Century: A People's History, pp35-36

1905 -- US: International Assn. of Bridge & Structural Iron Workers calls a national strike against the American Bridge Co., a subsidiary of the US Steel Corp. On May 1, 1906, the National Erectors Association declares that members, including the American Bridge Company, will only operate open shops, a decision that incites union resistance & results in widespread violence & the dynamiting of work sites.

1907 -- Prince Scipone Borchesi wins Peking to Paris, 7,500 mile auto rally.

1909 -- US: George C. Crockett, Jr. lives, Jacksonville, Florida. First African-American lawyer in the US Department of Labor, hearing officer for the newly formed Fair Employment Practices Commission in 1943, active labor & civil rights lawyer.

1909 -- Leo Fender, inventor of the electric guitar, liiiiiiives. Died tragically in a fender bender.

"While the question of who designed the first successful solid-body guitar is still being debated..."

Here are a couple of other nominees — Les Paul, inventor, guitarist, & all-around good guy (though I must admit I like Chet Atkins' picking a lot better):

An also-ran for popularity, but neck-&-neck with Fender & Gibson/Les Paul for making early electric instruments, is Rickenbacker (wait 'till you see the blonds on this site!):
& from the manufacturer:

— GuitarMeisterBen

1911 --

August 10-12, 1911

Setena Conferència prèvia a la creació de la FIS (Federació Sindical Internacional).

Source: [Congressos Obrers]

1912 -- Virginia Stephen, 30, marries Leonard Woolf, 31, at London's St. Pancras Registry Office.

1912 -- Author Jorge Amado lives (-2001), Salvador de Bahia, Brazil.

Amado invents a captain who scares off solitude....

The captain has never left Brazil, nor set foot on any kind of boat, because the sea makes him sick. He sits in the living room of his house & the house sails off, drifting farther than Marco Polo or Columbus or astronauts ever dreamed.

— Eduardo Galeano

El Libertario masthead
1912 -- Spain: Premier issue of "El Libertario", Gijón, (Asturia), replacing "Acción Libertaria" which ceased a year ago. "El Libertario" is also produced by Ricardo Mella & the same team, & runs until April 12, 1913, later reappearing in Madrid at the beginning of the Twenties & into the 1930s. (It should be noted that an unrelated newspaper with this title published in Barcelona in 1901-1903.)

1913 -- Second Balkan War to end all Balkan Wars ends, Treaty of Bucharest. Bulgaria loses.

1914 -- India: Samar Ranjan Sen, pacifist writer, lives.

Grosz illustration
1914 -- Australia: The syndicalist union, Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies), greets the outbreak of war with a front page special:

"War is hell!

Send the Capitalists to hell & wars are impossible ...

If the politicians of Australia want war, let them take their own carcasses to the front line ... if they want blood,


Source: [Calendar Riots]

1923 -- US: Carlo Tresca, Italian-American anarchist, suddenly arrested. The charge was that he had printed an article, three months before, attacking the Italian monarchy & the the Fascists. No such crime, of course, is known to American law, but Tresca was nevertheless arrested.

"On August 18 the whole issue of Il Martello was held up because it contained an account of a raffle; two other Italian papers, containing precisely the same account, went through the mails unmolested. On September 8 it was held up because it contained a two-line advertisement of a book on birth control. On October 27 it was held up because it printed an account of how the Fascisti had forced an Italian woman to swallow an immense dose of castor oil; all the American newspapers printed the same story, but were not molested. On November 10 it was held up because it printed a letter from a reader predicting that Mussolini would come to the same end as Rienzi; other papers had made the same prediction without challenge. On November 24 it was held up for charging Mussolini with misappropriating funds. September 8, announcing a book in Italian on birth control, showed the way. Experienced witch-hunters from the Department of Justice were rushed to New York, Tresca was indicted for advertising a means of preventing conception, & his trial was called in hot haste. He appeared before Goddard, J., in the United States District Court, on November.

So far, indeed, but eight persons in all the United States have gone to Tresca's aid. Four are Italian-American politicians. One is a Liberal pastor. Two are old & battle-scarred libertarians, already marked with the scars of a hundred defeats. The eighth is La Sanger, the birth control agitator, herself an experienced goat of the New Jurisprudence. No one else will take any interest in the case."

— H. L. Mencken

1929 -- US: Grover Cleveland of the St. Louis Cardinals, gets his final major-league baseball win as he defeats Philadelphia 19-16. Hall of Fame inductee, the only pitcher to win pitching's Triple Crown three years in a row.

It was Grover Cleveland Alexander, not Grover Cleveland, who got his last win on this date.

[Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader] Cleveland was dead by this time, & even while alive had a mediocre fastball (although he did sometimes get by with deception, as during the Pullman strike).

1931 -- orange diamond dingbat, added 2010, remove 2012US: Unemployed Citizens Leagues (UCL) are organized around Seattle during this month. The UCL locals cut wood for fuel from vacant land, harvested unsold crops, planted gardens, & caught fish, all with volunteer labor. An emergency health clinic was started by members who later found Group Health Cooperative.

1934 -- EG, anarchist feministUS: Anarchist conference at Stelton, N.J., August 10-11, organized to discuss the creation of an English-language anarchist weekly; Emma Goldman contributes in writing her ideas on anarchist's building alliances with other groups.

1935 -- US: Mike Quill & four other union men beaten up by company thugs & then arrested for assault. Charges thrown out of court.

The second confrontation fueling TWU's growth occurred on August 10, 1935. A group of Union men returning from a picket line at the IRT headquarters at 165 Broadway were jumped by a gang of management goons called "beakies" in the tunnel to the shuttle in the Grand Central Station.

Five TWU men- including Michael J. Quill- were arrested. The beakies got off scot-free & perjured themselves in court without punishment. But after a tough court fight, the Union quintet was freed.


anarchist militia women
1937 -- Spain: The Council of Aragon is forcibly disbanded by the Republican government.

"[...] the 11th Mobile Division of Commander Lister (a Stalinist), supported by tanks, went into action against the collectives. Aragon was invaded like an enemy country, those in charge of socialized enterprises were arrested..."

[Details / context]

1942 -- US: The first inmates arrive at Minidoka, Idaho concentration camp. Some Americans are more equal than others.

1948 -- US: Gay rights activist Harry Hay organizes what later becomes the Mattachine Society, a groundbreaking 1950's gay rights organization.

Dada poster
1948 -- Emmy Hennings dies, Sorengo-Lugano, Italy. Writer/performer associated with the Dada movement in Zurich. Poems by Hennings & other Dadaists on John Buell's DaDa Online.

1949 -- England: "Acid Bath" murderer John Haigh, who confessed to killing & drinking the blood of nine people & dissolving the bodies with acid, hanged, Wandsworth Prison, London.

1953 -- Bulgaria: Alexander Nakov is released from prison.

In December 1948, Nakov & over 600 anarchists were arrested when the communists took power, & sent to a work & re-education camp. Still the recalcitrant anarchist despite his ill-treatment, Nakov immediately resumed his anarchist activities, opposing the existing powers, & demonstrating solidarity with his companions despite constant police surveillance.

Further details/ context, click here; libertaire, anarchiste, libertarian, anarchist, Anarþist[Details / context]

1954 -- US: Workers at the Studebaker auto plant in South Bend, IN, agreed to take pay cuts of from $12 to $20 weekly in an attempt to help the faltering automaker. Didn't help.

1959 -- US: The male members of the Platters, Tony Williams, David Lynch, Alex Hodge & Paul Rabi are arrested in a room at the Sheraton Gibston Hotel in Cincinnati. Detectives found the four black men in various stages of undress with four 19-year-old women — three of whom were white. Charged with aiding & abetting prostitution, lewdness & assignation. Everybody is acquitted in December, but the episode, in which many think is fueled by racism, takes its toll of the Platters' career.

1960 -- Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returns first object from space (film of Mother Russia).

1965 -- Spain: CNT's General Congress held in of Montpellier (August 10-16).

Among those attending is the veteran militant Ginés Alonso. A number of militants are expelled from the CNT during a split at this congress: Jesús Guillen Bertolin (a member of the anarchist "Jeunesses Libertaires" [JJLL] who fought with the Durutti Column, & an organizer of the 50th anniversary exposition marking the beginning of the Spanish Revolution of 1936) & also José Peirats, Gómez Pelaez.

See "The Betrayal of the CNT," Internationale Situationniste #11 (October 1967)

outer space
1966 -- Daylight meteor seen from Utah to Canada. Only known case of a meteor entering the Earth's atmosphere & leaving it again. (Some say it was in 1972.)

1966 -- Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs at the Fillmore Auditorium.

1968 -- Vietnam: Eight American GIs killed by US strafing error in .

"Vietnam was the first war ever fought without any censorship [of the media]. Without censorship, things can get terribly confused in the public mind."

— Gen. William C. Westmoreland, US military commander, 1982

1970 -- US: House of Representatives passes the Equal Rights Amendment by a vote of 350 to 15.

UPC bar code as prison bars
1975 -- Canada: Prison Justice Day (PJD) originates in Millhaven penitentiary today
when prisoners there commemorate the first anniversary of the death of Eddie Nalon,
who committed suicide while in solitary confinement in Millhaven's SHU.
This first observance took the form of a hunger strike & day of mourning.
"Without doing this, I would most certainly be sucked into the hungry jowls of the justice system, digested & passed through it into a shallow grave like so many others. I would end up in a gravesite on some prison property with a numbered plaque on my grave, viewing the walls of an archaic penal institution that symbolizes a system which literally thrives on pain."

— Robert Bryden,
Remembering Prison Justice Day

Book people — readers, dealers, gawkers, thrill-seekers, etc. — are urged to contactBooks to Prisoners (co-founded in 1979 by BleedMeister) to donate books, or other aid.

1977 -- US: Postal employee David Berkowitz arrested in Yonkers, NY, accused of being "Son of Sam" the 44 caliber killer. They put the dog on prozac.

1978 -- US: Rehabilitated? Robert Bronson held up a store, was caught & sentenced to 20 years. He had just been released from prison yesterday, after doing 26 months for grand larceny.

1981 -- US: Got Newts? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting Prez Ronnie Reagun approves work order for the neutron bomb.

1981 -- US: Coca-Cola Bottling Co. agrees to pump $34 million into black business.

1981 -- US: Wee-Wee?: Limited public response results in the closing of the Nixon museum. Says manager Peter Mitchell, "If nothing else, it's been a good stopping point for people to use the restrooms between LA & San Diego."

1982 -- Six Greenpeace protesters chain themselves to nuclear-waste dumping ship, The Gem.

1984 -- US: John Henry? Two Plowshares activists, Barb Katt & John LaForge, damage a Trident submarine guidance system with hammers at a Sperry plant in Minnesota. Later sentencing them to six months' probation, the judge in the case comments:

"Why do we condemn & hang individual killers, while extolling the virtues of warmongers?"

1988 -- US: Post Haste? American government offers apologies & reparations to Japanese-American citizens interned during World War II. H.R. 442 is signed into law by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leading Actor President Ronald Reagan. It provides for individual payments of $20,000 to each surviving internee & a $1.25 billion education fund.

After 40 years of sweeping a brutal chapter of US history under the carpet, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Old George Bush is pressured to sign a law compensating victims of US internment camps, where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans on the West Coast were held during WWII. In February 1942, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Franklin Roosevelt authorized the internment, & Japanese Americans were imprisoned in remote desert areas.

Hawaii's 150,000 Japanese Americans were spared internment when the business community, media, local governments & general population rushed to their support. But Japanese Americans on the mainland were isolated.

White farmers viewed them as competitors & openly admitted they wanted their land. The Los Angeles Times questioned their loyalty & echoed local radio, branding them potential spies.

1997 -- US: Nine activists detained but not charged after throwing red paint on the Trident nuclear submarineU.S.S. Ohio at Seattle's waterfront.

1998 -- US: Microradio movement news accounts on the struggle to free the airwaves: — They Want the Airwaves —
Source: [Pirate Radio Kiosk]

2001 -- US: Berkeley Critical Mass bike ride.

2002 -- "Seaturtles" — a performance-work by Séamas Cain — performed at dawn by Mary Roe O'Neill at the sea-level megalith of Creevykeel in County Sligo, Ireland. Mary Roe O'Neill spoke the words of the script. Then — ritually, throughout Creevykeel — she guides the audience in a hunt for seaturtles!

[Source: Charlatan Stew]

3000 --
Daily Bleed Saint, 2002

Leader in the struggle for Indian independence from Britain.

3100 --


In these hands, the cities; in my weather, the armies
Of better things than die
To the scaly music of war.

The different men, who are dead,
Had cunning; they sought green lives
In a world blacker than your world;
But you have nourished the taste of sickness
Until all other tastes are dull in your mouths;
It is only we who stand outside the steaming tents
Of hypocrisy & murder
Who are "sick" —
This is the health you want.

Yours is the health of the pig which roots up
The vines that would give him food;
Ours is the sickness of the deer which is shot
Because it is the activity of hunters to shoot him.

In your hands, the cities, in my world, the marching
Of nobler feet than walk down a road
Deep with the corpses of every sane & beautiful thing.

Kenneth Patchen

patchen biography book cover

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