Monday, June 20, 2011

Daily Bleed Radical Literary History for June 20th


Mozambiquean liberationist, anti-colonialist martyr.

Hamberg, Germany: CHERRY FESTIVAL; one day during the siege of 1432,
the city gates opened & out come children dressed in white.
Hussite hearts melted, the siege was raised,
& the children were sent back laden with ripe cherries.

recalls a great flood sent by Zeus; yet another "ark" story —
this time the boat is captained by Deukalian.

animated headache

622 -- al Hijira; beginning of Islamic year-reckoning.

1391 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Spain: Rioters kill 4,000 Jews in Toledo.
"Woe betide the synagogues
Turned into ruins,
Kites & vultures have built their nests
Since the sons of Israel have departed"
— Yaacob Albenen, excerpt (in strophe 32) from a long poem,
written after the massacre of Jews in Toledo on June 20, 1391.

1612 -- A certain Lord Sanquir, of Scotland,
executed for assassinating a man to whom
he had lost in a duel.

1694 -- Author Hans Adolph Brorson lives.

1723 -- Adam Ferguson, philosopher, lives, Logierait, Perthshire.
Became a philosophy professor & friend of Sir Walter Scott.

1743 -- Author Anna Laetitia Barbauld lives.

1756 -- 146 British soldiers imprisoned
in India — Black Hole of Calcutta — most die.

1782 -- US: The United States chooses the Eagle as it's symbol. A pig was proposed & seriously considered.

1789 -- Bad Elbows?: Oath of the Tennis Court in France taken.

1791 -- Source=Robert Braunwart France: A mob invades the Tuileries; King Louis XVI tries to flee the French Revolution (he doesn't make it).

1848 -- US: Albert Parsons lives, Montgomery, Alabama (some sources say the 24th) American anarchist, Haymarket Martyr, husband of Lucy Parsons, wrongly executed by the government. Chicago Haymarket anarchists poster
Albert Parsons was targeted for death by city leaders. A bomb was thrown at police during the Haymarket Bombing.
Parsons was not even present, but was indicted, convicted, executed. Evidence suggests Police Captain John Bonfield, a brutal thug, may have been involved in the bomb-throwing.

“The spectators in the orchestra of the theater fix their view on the scaffold — a sign, a noise, the trap door gives way, now they die, in a horrible dance, twisting in the air.
“José Martí wrote the story of the execution of the anarchists in Chicago. The working class of the world will bring them back to life every first of May. That was still unknown, but Martí always writes as if he is listening for the cry of a newborn where it is least expected.”
— Eduardo Galeano, “A Terrible Drama” (Memories of Fire, Vol. II)

1866 -- Source=Robert Braunwart China: US troops land to punish an assault on US consul at Newchwang.

1866 -- Source=Robert Braunwart England: Steinitz wins the London knockout chess tournament.

old book
1868 -- A Hansom Reward?: Algernon Charles Swinburne offers reward for the return of the manuscript of Bothwell, accidentally left in a hansom cab.

1883 -- Gustave Aimard dies in Paris. Popular French novelist, wrote adventure stories about life on the American frontier & Mexico, based upon his travels as a ship's boy, & later war experiences.

Click & Buy! Shop til you drop!
1886 -- Dr. Briggs tests peyote.

1887 -- Dadaist master Kurt Schwitters lives, Hanover, Germany. Daily Bleed Saint 2004-5
Berlin Dadaist writer & builder of the "merz" houses, crazy dada-collage architecture.

1893 -- US: 3 Whacks & You're Free? Lizzie Borden found innocent of ax-murdering her parents, New Bedford, Massachusetts.

1893 -- US: Eugene Debs forms the American Railway Union (ARU).
Labour poster
In just a few months the union leads an 18-day strike against the Great Northern Railroad, forcing management to reverse three wage cuts. The victory against a railroad with 2,500 miles of track & 9,000 employees was so remarkable — especially during a depression — that the union signs up 2,000 members a day. This sets the stage for Chicago's Pullman Strike of 1894 — the first organized nationwide strike in US history.

Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1898 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Guam: US convoy arrives at Spanish-held Guam, where it meets no resistance.

1898 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Cuba: US forces under Shafter arrive at Santiago de Cuba.

1900 -- Source=Robert Braunwart China: Assassination of the German ambassador at Peking leads to a Chinese declaration of war & the siege of the legations; Forces of the Boxer Rebellion besiege foreigners & Christians, Peking.

old book
1905 -- Lillian Hellman lives (1905-1984), New Orleans. American playwright/memoirist. Had lifelong relationship with mystery writer Dashiell Hammett until his death (1961). Both were attacked during McCarthy/HUAC witchhunts. Active on the political left, Lillian attacked injustice, exploitation & selfishness in her plays. Wrote The Little Foxes; Pentimento.

1906 -- Italy: Vengono arrestati i dirigenti della Camera del Lavoro di Parma con l'accusa di insurrezione armata contro i poteri dello stato, per aver appoggiato lo sciopero dei braccianti.
[Source: Crimini e Misfatti]

1907 -- US: First Portland Oregon Rose festival. A festival by any other name would smell.

Luigi Fabbri, anarchico; source
1907 -- Italy: Anarchist congress held June 16 - 20, in Rome, where Luigi Fabbri raises the question of anarchist organization, concludes.
Among his associates, those whom I met & can recall now, were ... Gino Balestri, Primo Proni (my grandfather), Emilio Predieri (an uncle of mine), Castagnoli & there were others whose names I cannot call to mind. There was an uprising in Bazano (I cannot recall the exact year) in which my father was an active participant, holding rallies in several towns around the province in Bologna.
— Luce Fabbri (daughter of Luigi Fabbri)

1909 -- Source=Robert Braunwart México: Rebel forces of the anarchist Flores Magón brothers attack Casas Grandes, Chih.

Voltairine DeCleyre, anarchist
1912 -- US: Voltairine de Cleyre dies, age 45, following a long illness.
The original anarchist-feminist, & teacher of newly arrived immigrants. Atheist, poet & free-thinker, she taught in Philadelphia. Voltairine made lecture tours in Europe, where she met Peter Kropotkin, Louise Michel, Sebastien Faure, & many others. An active supporter of the Mexican Revolution & Ricardo Flores Magón, she also wrote for his paper, "Regeneración".

Two thousand attended the funeral at Waldheim cemetery where she was buried next to the Haymarket Martyrs.

See the notes by Nicolas Walter, & background

1912 -- Baseball's NY Giant Josh Devore steals four bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice).

1913 -- The bricks start flying! "Krazy Kat" makes his comic strip debut in William Randolph Hearst's "New York Evening Journal," as a sideline to George Herriman's "The Family Upstairs" strip. Krazy Kat evolved from an earlier comic strip of Herriman's, "The Dingbat Family," which started in 1910 (later renamed "The Family Upstairs").

1913 -- Three of first four Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record six hit batsman. Bert Daniels set American League baseball mark, being hit-by-pitch three times in a doubleheader.

1918 -- Ireland: Two months after its introduction, the British government is forced to abandon conscription in Ireland.
Source: [Calendar Riots]

Dr. Spock examines Captain James Kirk
1920 -- "Dammit Jim, I'm a doctor, not a very good actor!": DeForest Kelley lives, Atlanta, Georgia.

1920 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Police shoot 14 Wobblies (Industrial Workers of the World members) during a labor clash in Butte, Montana.

1920 -- Mozambique: African liberationist, martyr, Eduardo Mondlane lives, Gaza (Portuguese East Africa). Studied at Oberlin College & Northwestern University in the US. Headed a guerrilla war in the early 60s. In 1969, a bomb was planted in a book by a Portuguese "stay-behind" secret army & sent to him at the FRELIMO secretariat. It exploded, killing him.

1921 --

Moscow, Russia
June 20-July 12, 1921

3rd Congress of the Third International.

1921 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Edgar Rice Burroughs novel Tarzan the Terrible is published.

Louise Brookzowyc
1923 -- Corto Maltese flees Argentina, having killed Estevez, the corrupt Chief of Police in Buenos Aires. Estevez was responsible for killing his beautiful friend Louise Brookzowyc.
Corto was in Argentina during this month looking into the disappearance of Louise & her young daughter.

Born in Warsaw in 1897, Louise was enslaved by the Polish prostitution ring, the "Warsavia," for whom she was working when assassinated by Estevez. Louise's little girl was rescued by Corto & entrusted by him to Venetian friends.

During this time he had met with his old firends, Fosforitos, & Butch Cassidy, the celebrated American outlaw whom he met during his first visit to Argentina 15 years earlier. (Tango, Casterman, 1985)

1925 -- Bulgaria: Vassil Ikonomov dies. Tracked down by the army & paramilitary groups, the revolutionary guerrilla is killed under mysterious circumstances today while bathing in a river close to the village of Bélitsa.
A significant figure in the Bulgarian anarchist movement & an anti-fascist partisan against the dictatorship of Stambolijski, Ikonomov organized groups which included anarchists, Communists, & members of the peasants' party.

Further details/ context, click here; anarchiste,  anarchismo, anarchici, anarchico, Anarþist, ANARÞÝZM, Anarþizmin, anarþizme, Anarþist, anarquista, anarchisten, anarchie, anarkismo, anarchisme[Details / context]

1926 -- Portugal: Original date for the União Anarquista Portuguesa (UAP; Portuguese Anarchist Union) congress. Scheduled today in Lisbon, the rightwing coup on May 28 forces postponing the congress for a year & moving it outside of Portugal. (It secretly convenes in July 1927 in Valencia, Spain.)
Further details/ context, click here; anarquista anarchiste, Anarquismo, Anarquista, Anarchisten[Details / context]

1927 -- US: A newspaper strike stops publication of "The Butte Miner," "Anaconda Standard," & "Butte Daily Post" (until July 4).

1928 -- Jazz great Eric Dolphy lives, Los Angeles.
"Eric belonged to that select gallery of geniuses who knew that the more we learn, the more there is left to learn. He transcended the usual definitions of a classical or jazz musician, a black or white musician...
Eric was one of those rare talents who loved & wanted to understand all music...
In time, his full contribution will be properly assessed. For now, we can only bemoan the loss of such a powerful musician."
— Gunther Schuller

1929 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Louis Armstrong & an all-black cast open in "Hot Chocolates," NY (219).

1931 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Lee Goodwin's trial for murder begins in Faulkner novel Sanctuary.

1933 -- German feminist, radical Clara Zetkin dies.

1933 -- Author Cormac McCarthy lives.

1935 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Harvard University grants honorary degrees to Albert Einstein & Thomas Mann.

1941 -- High Seas: 33 die when the US submarine O-9 sinks off Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

1941 -- US: Breakthrough labor contract signed with Ford at River Rouge Plant; the first United Auto Workers contract with Henry Ford, who recognizes the UAW.
Labor & business leaders are beginning to see themselves as partners in pacifying & controlling the workers. Context, see John Zerzan's "Organized Labor versus 'The Revolt Against Work'."

Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1942 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz camp.

1943 -- US: Striking African American auto workers attacked by National Workers League, KKK & armed white workers at Detroit's Bell Isle amusement park, 34 people killed, 1,300 arrested in race riots. labor

1945 -- anarchiste diamondFrançois Le Leve (1882-1945) dies. Militant anarcho-syndicalist. One of the 15 who signed The Manifeste des Seize, along with Kropotkin, Grave & others, favoring the Allies during WWI. A member of the Resistance during WWII, he was captured & interned. He died while traveling home after being freed.

1945 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Abbott & Costello's "Who's on First" routine is first seen, in the film "The Naughty Nineties."

1947 -- US: Taft-Hartley Labor Act, curbing strikes, is vetoed by President Truman. Congress overrides the veto.

1948 -- US: Ed Sullivan has his first really big 'shoe' on Sunday night TV.

1949 -- Source=Robert Braunwart UN Commission on Human Rights adopts a covenant outlawing arbitrary arrest, torture, slavery & forced labor. So it is said.

Apocalpse Now button
1953 -- Vietnam: Bright Light at the End of the Tunnel?: US military mission arrives in Saigon.

1959 -- Author Sylvia Plath, longing desperately to conceive, notes in her journal: "Suddenly everything is ominous, ironic, deadly. If I could not have children... I would be dead.... My writing a hollow & failing substitute for real life, real feeling."

Mao: Here's a good joke! What about Workers' Control?!
1959 -- Russia: Workers' Power? The U.S.S.R. repudiates its atomic pact with China.

1963 -- "Hello, Central, Give Me Dr. Jazz"?: Cold War prompts "hot line" between Washington & Moscow.

Muhammad Ali
1967 -- US: Naked Came Ali?: Heavyweight Boxing champ Muhammed Ali is convicted of draft evasion, Houston, Texass.
“I ain't got no quarrel with them Vietcong.”
Sentenced to five years in prison for refusing, on religious grounds, induction into the American Army during the Vietnam War.

It is also three years after his conversion to Islam, & the white media (always fair, square & objective) still insist on calling him Cassius Clay ("NY Times", et al; "Gaseous Cassius" - "Time Magazine"). He is also stripped of his boxing titles.
"It's just a job. Grass grows, birds fly, waves pound the sand. I beat people up."

— Muhammed Ali
The press, the public, & the government's current star treatment of Ali is in stark contrast to the Vietnam War era; during those years, Ali's greatest foes in & out of the ring were Uncle Sam (heavyweight) & J. Edgar Hoover (who targeted & wiretapped him, & ran a secret smear campaign).

In 1971, the Supreme Court tossed out his conviction because the Justice Department deliberately lied about his religious convictions (sic!).

1967 -- US: Saboteurs — alleged members of the Ku Klux Klan — blow up four homes & a barber shop in McComb, Mississippi.

Tallahatchie Bridge
1972 -- US: The Tallahatchie Bridge, made famous in Bobbie Gentry's 1967 hit, "Ode To Billie Joe," collapses.
"& me, I spend a lot of time pickin' flowers up on Choctaw Ridge
& drop them into the muddy water off the Tallahatchie Bridge"

Rosemary Woods, Reaching...
1972 -- US: Bit of A Stretch? Sinister gremlin-like forces invade the Nixon White House secret taping system & erase 18 minutes of the first Watergate discussion between Dick M & Bob.

Blaming the secretary was a real reach.

Uh oh?
1973 -- A Bad 'Air Day?: American F-14 Tomcat fighter plane shoots itself down with its own Sparrow air-to-air missile.

1982 -- US: 2,500 arrested in two days during blockade of Lawrence Livermore labs, California.

1985 -- France: In one of several acts of destruction in solidarity with nationwide prison mutinies, the high speed TGV railway line is sabotaged south of Paris.
Source: [Calendar Riots]

1990 -- Iran: 40,000-50,000 die in a (7.6) earthquake.

1990 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Earth First! launches its "Redwood Summer" demonstrations — 44 arrests.

1992 --

Nicolas Faucier, anarchiste 1992 Nicolas Faucier dies. French anarchiste, trade unionist & pacifist.
Faucier ran the bookshop "La librairie sociale" &, with Louis Lecoin, formed the "Comité pour l'Espagne libre," (later the SIA [solidarité internationale antifasciste]). Faucier did many stints in prison for his anti-war activities.
Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1994 -- South Africa: Cape Town Oil Spill disaster. The oil tanker Apollo Sea sank between Dassen & Robben Islands off the coast of Cape Town, South Africa. All 36 crew members were killed, & 2,500 tons of heavy fuel oil spilled into the ocean.

1995 -- E.M. Cioran (1911-1995) dies. Romanian-French writer, flirted with fascism in the interwar years, like Eliade & Tutea who also were adherents to a tendency deemed Trairism, which fused Existentialism with ideas common to various forms of Fascism. He eventually renounced nationalism, famously stating "I have no nationality—the best possible status for an intellectual."
An ‘aphorist of humorous despair,’ he was haunted by this legacy. William Gass called his work "a philosophical romance on modern themes of alienation, absurdity, boredom, futility, decay, the tyranny of history, the vulgarities of change, awareness as an agony, reason as disease."

1996 -- US: The Furthur Festival kicks off in Atlanta. Show marks the first time the members of The Grateful Dead perform together since the death of Jerry Garcia. Fan reaction: Go no furthur(?).

1996 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Indonesia: Police clash with prodemocracy demonstrators in Jakarta.

Spank the Bank
1997 -- G-Men?: G7 Summit — Here to coordinate economic, financial & trade policies, seven men stand at the helm of the global economy. Controlling over two thirds of the world's wealth, they call the shots at the World Bank & the International Monetary Fund, carry all the clout within the World Trade Organization (WTO) & NATO (the Japanese Prime Minister excepted).
Ecological economists accuse G-7 leaders of running the global economy like a pyramid scheme. They posit we are living off the death of nature & charging the costs to future generations. They say the G-7 are leading us into an ecological nightmare — a prolonged & possibly permanent "age of despair."

1997 -- Annette Rubinstein (1910-2007) dies. New York Marxist School co-founder, radical educator, author. Her writings emphasize the massive, but officially hidden, presence of the literature of resistance to oppression at the heart of the history & development of modern English language & literature. Daily Bleed Saint, April 2009

2001 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Iraq says US-British air strikes killed 23 at a soccer game.

2002 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Pump It Up?: US & British jets attack Iraq. Gwan to git some oil. Behind all the Neo-Con war rhetoric stand tall derricks & erections.

2004 -- From today's "Dayton Daily News": Ray Bradbury, author of the classic sci-fi book Fahrenheit 451, is burning mad over Michael Moore's appropriation of his title for his Bush-bashing documentary, reports "The Philadelphia Inquirer." Said the celebrated fantasy writer, whose 1953 novel gave Moore the inspiration for his "Fahrenheit 9/11" title. "What he has done is a crime." Crime writer Bradbury, a big old fool & self-proclaimed Bush supporter, obviously addled at age 82, should know better & probably does.... Book titles are not subject to copyright; Moore's title isn't the same & 9/11 is not 451.
Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

3000 --
"Liberty means responsibility; that is why most men dread it."
— George Bernard Shaw

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